This is our Research archives of information, backgrounders, resources, references and sources. This section is part of another collaborative effort related to historical issues as they relate to “political” blowback. We will update this page as soon as we receive new data. Please note that this is a rather long page and will take some time before we can divide it down into periods, centuries, decades and events. If anyone is interested in participating please let us know.
Like the others, as time moves forward this section will eventually be somewhat organized, lol. Please remember, information is a contact sport, like hockey, so feel free to add contributions and relevant information as a comment below! Contact us if you would like to contribute to our collaborative efforts or would like to share/submit articles, data or additional content…
Explore: The Research
In this sub-chapter of the ongoing #Ottawapiskat for #Upsettlers: #ShagTheDog series will compile additional documentaries, research and data related to various historical, cyclical and ongoing blow-back triggers and events associated with the #Harper #CPC #Blowback chapter.
- War on Drugs
- War on Economy
- War on Resources
- War on Humans
- War on Technology
- War on Terror
- War on Iraq
- War on Latin America
- War on Africa
- War on China
- War on Europe
- War on Middle East
- War on Something
American Drug War: The Last White Hope Pre Release Cut
35 years after Nixon started the war on drugs, we have over one million non-violent drug offenders living behind bars.
The War on Drugs has become the longest and most costly war in American history, the question has become, how much more can the country endure? Inspired by the death of four family members from “legal drugs” Texas filmmaker Kevin Booth sets out to discover why the Drug War has become such a big failure. Three and a half years in the making, the film follows gang members, former DEA agents, CIA officers, narcotics officers, judges, politicians, prisoners and celebrities. Most notably the film befriends Freeway Ricky Ross; the man many accuse for starting the Crack epidemic, who after being arrested discovered that his cocaine source had been working for the CIA.
AMERICAN DRUG WAR shows how money, power and greed have corrupted not just drug pushers and dope fiends, but an entire government. More importantly, it shows what can be done about it. This is not some ‘pro-drug’ stoner film, but a collection of expert testimonials from the ground troops on the front lines of the drug war, the ones who are fighting it and the ones who are living it.
After 4 years of production including several sold out test screenings in New York, Austin & Los Angeles, the final version of American Drug War “the last white hope” is locked and loaded.
Continue researching: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6CyuBuT_7I4 [Video]
Did You Know: War on Drugs Edition ScienceInDrugPolicy Uploaded on Jun 26, 2010
SIGN THE VIENNA DECLARATION: http://www.viennadeclaration.com
A video for anyone who wants to better understand the failures of prohibition and learn more about alternatives that have proven to be more cost-effective, safe, and humane.
Brought to you by the International Centre for Science in Drug Policy — where science, not ideology, drives illicit drug policy.
Continue researching: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=91y9KqvVggY
- The Harrison Narcotics Act (1914) Public Law No. 223, 63rd Cong.
approved Dec 17, 1914 – http://www.erowid.org/psychoactives/law/law_fed_harrison_narcotics_act.shtml
- The Consumers Union Report on Licit and Illicit Drugs by Edward M. Brecher and the Editors of Consumer Reports Magazine, 1972 Chapter 8. The Harrison Narcotic Act (1914) – http://www.druglibrary.org/schaffer/library/studies/cu/cu8.html
THE COCAIN HABIT ARTICLE | June 23, 1900 | JAMA. 1900;XXXIV(25):1637. doi:10.1001/jama.1900.02460250049013. – ABSTRACT
The negroes in some parts of the South are reported as being addicted to a new form of vice—that of “cocain sniffing” or the “coke habit,” as it appears to have this name also. A negro, it is said, will buy 5 cents’ worth of cocain, which is sold in a little paper box for such purposes, and, taking it in the old-fashioned way of snuff-takers, proceed to indulge in a “coke drunk.” The effects are described as much like those of an ordinary whisky drunk; some cocain “sniffers” are quarrelsome, some hilarious, some morose, and many are happy and indifferent like the opium smokers, while the intoxication lasts. It appears even that the habit is going to succeed to the recognized legal rights of whisky, as we read that one community licenses the sale, allowing, however, druggists to sell the alkaloid on physicians’ prescriptions, but imposing heavy penalties on…
Continue researching: http://jama.jamanetwork.com/article.aspx?articleid=477443
OPIUM and the PEOPLE: Opiate Use in Nineteenth-Century England Virginia Berridge and Griffith Edwards Introduction
The most acute anxieties of the 1960s `drug epidemic’ have quietened. Drug stories appear less often, and more prosaically, in the newspapers. Yet attitudes towards the use of `dangerous drugs’, and `narcotics’ in particular, remain restrictive. The legislative control of drugs and public reactions to their use is more stringent than the restrictions on those other recreational substances, tobacco and alcohol. The Misuse of Drugs Act (1971), the latest of a long line of `Dangerous Drugs’ Acts, continues the practice of control through fines and imprisonment under the aegis of the Home Office. Since 1968, heroin and cocaine have been available to addicts only through treatment clinics, where doctors licensed by the Home Office may prescribe.(1) For other `recreational’ substances, the system of control is much less stringent. For alcohol, the equivalent’s, are the liquor licensing laws, the duty on whisky and the sale of alcohol in pubs and supermarkets. For tobacco, they are the health warnings on cigarette packets and the no-smoking carriages in trains. The contrasts in reaction are instructive.
Regulations and legislation applicable specifically to `dangerous drugs’ were not passed until the early decades of the twentieth century. The 1916 Defence of the Realm Act regulation 40B dealing with cocaine and opium and the 1920 Dangerous Drugs Act were the first legislative measures to establish narcotics as a matter of social policy.(2) But it was in the previous century that the bases of control were laid down, and new and restrictive ways of looking at opium established.
Continue researching: http://www.druglibrary.eu/library/books/opiumpeople/index.html
Women and Addiction in the United States — 1850 to 1920 Stephen R. Kandall, M.D. – INTRODUCTION
Beginning in the mid- to late 1980s, the United States was inundated with a media blitz that focused primarily on crack cocaine. Attention getting headlines in the New York Times (1989a, 1989b) riveted the public’s attention on drug-associated societal conditions such as violent crime, homelessness, sexually transmitted diseases, overcrowding of jails and prisons, flooding of emergency rooms and hospitals with drug-related violence and illness, and loss of work productivity. By 1992 the aggregate cost of this drug-related devastation was estimated to have exceeded $300 billion annually (Califano 1992).
The often sensationalistic news coverage of the crack epidemic during this period conveyed to many Americans the false impression that drug use was a relatively new phenomenon. In fact, the legal use of opiates in this country dates back more than 200 years (Musto 1973; Morgan 1981; Courtwright 1982). Although epidemiologic data are sparse, the mid to late 19th century apparently witnessed a rapid increase in the medicinal and recreational uses of opiates. During that same period, nonopiate drugs such as cocaine, chloral hydrate, chloroform, and cannabis came into vogue and were used in much the same way as opiates.
In spite of increasing numbers of drug users during those years, quiet acceptance and tolerance of drug use was the order of the day. However, the changing social demographics of drug users, increasing knowledge about the dangerous effects of those drugs, regulation of the pharmaceutical industry, and emergence of the United States as a true international power during the latter part of the 19th century and early part of the 20th century acted synergistically to change the country’s attitude toward drug use from tacit acceptance to intolerance. This “sea change” in national attitude was legislatively formalized with passage of the Harrison Anti-Narcotic Act of 1914 and two 1919 Supreme Court decisions, Webb et al. v. U.S. [249 U.S. 96] and U.S. v. Doremus [249 U.S. 86], which allowed the Federal Government to initiate a drug-fighting agenda
characterized by strict national and international legislation and repression of both addicts and physicians. This tough approach to drug control has dominated American policy for the past 80 years, overshadowing such modest demand-side initiatives as private sanitariums; drug treatment clinics, which operated primarily between 1919 and 1923; inpatient Federal drug treatment facilities at Lexington, KY, and Fort Worth, TX, from 1935 to 1971; and beginning in the late 1950s, inpatient and outpatient treatment, either with an aim toward abstinence or, beginning
in 1964, substitution maintenance with methadone.
Continue researching: http://archives.drugabuse.gov/pdf/DARHW/033-052_Kandall.pdf
The Most Dangerous Drug: Images of African-Americans and Cocaine Use in the Progressive Era Catherine Carstairs – On 8 February, 1914, the New York Times published a full-page article entitled “Negro Cocaine ‘Fiends’ Are a New Menace.” Under a picture of the stern and respectable-looking white author, Edward Huntington Williams, M.D., the article’s subtitle proclaimed: “Murder and Insanity Increasing Among Lower Class Blacks Because They Have Taken to ‘Sniffing.”‘ Williams claimed that crazed cocaine users had killed nine men in Mississippi on a single occasion. He declared: “there is no escaping the conviction that drug taking has become a race menace in certain regions south of the line.” Further, Williams asserted that blacks who took cocaine improved their marksmanship, causing incidents such as that of the “cocaine nigger” near Asheville, North Carolina, who killed five men, using only one bullet for each. Even worse, he claimed, cocaine provided a “temporary immunity to shock – a resistance to the ‘knock-down’ effects of fatal wounds.” Thus when the chief of police of Asheville tried to kill another black man who was “running amuck in a cocaine frenzy, he fired directly at his heart. Although the bullet hit its mark, it had no impact. He stated that police officers in the South, afraid of the “increased vitality of the cocaine-crazed negroes” had exchanged their guns for more powerful ones for “the express purpose of combating the ‘fiend’ when he runs amuck.” 
These were fantastic claims, but Williams was not alone. From the late 19th century to the passage of federal legislation regulating the sale of narcotic drugs in 1914, numerous journals, newspapers, and books from both the North and the South, alleged that growing numbers of black men and some poor whites used cocaine and that black use of cocaine posed a significant threat to the security of whites. News and medical reports frequently depicted black men on cocaine as frenzied, manic, homicidal, lascivious, excitable, criminal, and immoral. They were accused of raping white women, and killing white men. Both southern segregationists and northern doctors urged the government to take strong measures against this dangerous new drug and by 1900 eight states had passed laws prohibiting the dispensing of cocaine without a prescription. By 1915, every state had passed laws restricting the use of cocaine, while only 36 had passed laws restricting the use of the opiates (opium, morphine and heroin.) The legal response to cocaine was significantly quicker and more punitive than the response to the opiates. This article argues that cocaine acquired its reputation as “the most dangerous drug” because of its associations with black men. It demonstrates how racialization can infuse our images of drugs and their psychotropic effects, a point that is particularly salient in light of more recent controversies over crack cocaine. Finally it shows how the issue of regulating bodies, especially those of African-Americans and drug users, permeated the progressive era.
Continue researching: http://pi.library.yorku.ca/ojs/index.php/lh/article/download/5410/4605 [pdf]
COCAINE AND COCA Jeffrey Hays 2009 Last updated March 2011 – HISTORY, USE AND ABUSE
Continue researching: http://factsanddetails.com/world.php?itemid=1215
Whiteout: The Cia, Drugs and the Press Alexander Cockburn, Jeffrey St. Clair – Google Books – A shocking expose of the CIA’s role as drug baron. On March 18, 1998, the CIA’s Inspector General, Fred Hitz, told astounded US Reps that the CIA had maintained relationships with companies and individuals that the Agency knew to be involved in the drug business. More shocking was the revelation that the CIA had received from Reagan’s Justice Department clearance not to report any knowledge it might have of drug-dealing by CIA assets. Many years’ worth of CIA denials, much of it under oath to Congress, were sunk. Hitz’s admissions made fools of some of the most prominent names in US journalism and vindicated others that had been ruined. Particularly resonant was the case of the San Jose Mercury News, which published a sensational series on CIA involvement in the smuggling of cocaine into black urban neighborhoods, and then under pressure conspired in the destruction of its own reporter, Gary Webb. In Whiteout, Alexander Cockburn and Jeffrey St. Clair finally put the whole story together, from the earliest days, when the CIA’s institutional ancestors cut a deal with America’s premier gangster and drug trafficker, Lucky Luciano. This is a thrilling history that stretches from Sicily in 1944 to the killing fields of Laos and Vietnam, to CIA safe houses in Greenwich Village and San Francisco where CIA men watched Agency-paid prostitutes feed LSD to unsuspecting clients. We meet Oliver North, as he plotted with Manuel Noriega and Central American gangsters. We travel to little-known airports in Costa Rica and Arkansas. We hear from drug pilots and accountants from the Cali Cartel. We learn of DEA agents whose careers were ruined because they tried to tell the truth. Cockburn and St. Clair show how the CIA’s complicity with drug-dealing criminal gangs was part and parcel of its attacks on labor organizers, whether on the docks of New York, Marseilles, or Shanghai. They trace how the Cold War and counter-insurgency led to an alliance between the Agency and the vilest of war criminals like Klaus Barbie, or fanatic opium traders like the mujahedin in Afghanistan. Cockburn and St. Clair horrifyingly affirm charges of outraged black communities that the CIA had undertaken enduring programs of experiments on minorities. They show that the CIA imported Nazi scientists straight from their labs at Dachau and Buchenwald and set to work, developing chemical and biological agents, tested on blacks, some of them in mental hospitals. Cockburn and St. Clair dissect the shameful way American journalists have not only turned a blind eye to the Agency’s misdeeds, but also helped plunge the knife into those who tried to tell the truth. Fact-packed and fast-paced, Whiteout is a richly detailed excavation of the CIA’s dirtiest secrets. For anyone who wants to know the real truth about the Agency, this is the book to start with.
Continue researching: http://books.google.ca/books?id=s5qIj_h_PtkC
Drug Laws and Drug Use in Nineteenth-Century America by David T. Courtwright The Constitution, Law, and American Life: Critical Aspects of the Nineteenth Century – Donald G. Nieman – Google Books
The eight essays in this volume imaginatively explore the interrelationship between law and society in nineteenth-century America and encompass in their discussion some of the major historical issues of the era.
Continue researching: http://books.google.ca/books?id=0JYxhD32GUoC&pg=PA123&lpg=PP1
THE RISE AND DEMISE OF COCA AND COCAINE: As Licit Global ‘Commodity Chains’, 1860-1950 Paul Gootenberg October 2001 SUNY-Stony Brook – INTRODUCTION: Coca/Cocaine/Commodities
This paper treats coca and cocaine as essentially export “commodities” rather than menacing drugs.
This commodity perspective makes perfect sense for the period at hand, 1860-1950, from the years Andean coca-leaf first hit world markets to the beginnings of today’s circuits of illicit cocaine. During this intervening century both were still seen as legitimate or even progressive articles of commerce. Taking coca and cocaine as goods–rather than singularly spiritual or pariah substances–may also temper some of the passionate thinking (and policies) that surround these Andean products today.
Andean coca-leaf and cocaine make a strong case-study on commodity chains in Latin American
history. Neither existed as significant commodities until the late-nineteenth century, so one can closely observe their complex social transformations into marketable and exportable goods. And coca and cocaine–rather than entering undifferentiated depersonalized world markets–became organized into distinctive commodity networks, and these have analytical significance, or so as I will argue here. Coca, responsive to external prices, became embedded in long transnational social and political networks. This sort of spatial chain of relationships is also a useful way of demystifying drugs, so often interpreted in loaded binaries of “supply” and “demand.”
I’ll make two caveats before moving on. First, conceptually speaking, tensions clearly exist between sociological commodity-chain approaches and neoclassical or institutional economics, though it is laudable for this symposium to try to bridge them. After all, the concept of global commodity chains (“GCC”), in which world markets are socially-structured and unevenly- segmented by power, came out of (horrors!) Wallersteinian World-Systems theory. If materialistic, it shares constructionist and relational concerns with a more qualitative Polanyesque “social life of things” anthropological lens. It gives credence to huge power- differentials between actors in the “core” and “periphery” of the chains. And by focusing on flows rather than objects or sites, it tends to blur distinctions between national economies or national polities still dear to neoclassical or institutional economists. In this militant (exaggerated?) holistic view, it is not easy to separate or to measure “internal” or “external” factors or “economic” versus “non”-economic factors.
The second caveat concerns my own contribution, which is derived from a larger archival project on
the global history of Andean cocaine. The effort here is obviously sketchy, as I try to show the utility of thinking about coca in global commodity chains over long periods. The quantitative data comes from motley sources which do not easily make for natural aggregates or comparisons. Nor does this paper much attempt to cover illicit trades or tastes for cocaine, which were (save for a brief eruption around 1905-20) minor before 1950 anyway.
The paper is divided into two periods. The first, 1860-1910, saw the creation of world commodity
networks around coca and cocaine. Two distinctive commercial chains linked nascent Andean coca to overseas markets, the “Germanic”/European-Andean circuit and the U.S.-Andean circuit. The second
period, 1910-1950, saw mounting political and market constraints on coca and cocaine, in part related to international narcotics control. Here, three commodity chains arose which worked to marginalize existing Andean coca/cocaine: a managed U.S. hemispheric network, a Dutch-European colonial network and an imperial Japanese pan-Asian network. These commodity chains, which crumbled during World War II, were prelude to the illicit cocaine circuits which re-connected the Andes to the outer world by the 1970s.
Drugs — A Long and Varied History – Regulating Drugs – The passage of the Harrison Narcotic Act reflected, in part, a growing belief that opium and cocaine were medicines to be taken only when a person was sick (and then only when prescribed by a doctor). In addition, many people were beginning to believe that these drugs caused insanity or led to crime, particularly among foreigners and minorities. For example, opium use was strongly associated with Chinese immigrants. Many Americans also believed that cocaine affected African-Americans more powerfully than it did whites, surmising the drug frequently incited the minority group to violence.
Continue researching: http://www.libraryindex.com/pages/2328/Drugs-Long-Varied-History-REGULATING-DRUGS.html
Drug Legalization: The Worst Option, Except for All the Others Ferdinand Bardamu – My blurb a couple of weeks ago on the War on Drugs-fueled bloodbath in Mexico inspired the expected reaction from the expected quarters. I’ll admit that the post was a bit rushed due to my being on a business trip, so I’m going to take the time to respond to some of the comments you left.
For the record, I’m in favor of legalizing drugs at the federal level but allowing individual states/municipalities to ban them if they like, and ending the government’s meddling in other countries’ drug policies. I’m not a solipsist; I can understand why some people wouldn’t want heroin and LSD being hocked in their communities. The only requirement I’d impose on anti-drug governments is to treat users with a minimum of human dignity; i.e. no more prison sodomy. Let me have my Percocets in Chittenden County and you can have your DAREtopia in Buttfuck, Alabama.
Continue researching: http://inmalafide.com/drug-legalization-the-worst-option-except-for-all-the-others/
The Coming Battle By M. W. WALBERT COPYRIGHT, 1899 BY M. W. WALBERT – In this volume the author endeavors to give an accurate history of the present National Bank System of currency, including an account of the first United States Bank,- both of which were borrowed from Great Britain by those statesmen who, like the father of Sir Robert Peel, believed that a national debt was the source of prosperity.
It is believed that the facts adduced in the following pages will be productive of some good, in pointing out the immense evils lurking in that system of banking, a system which has produced panics at will, and which is the active abettor of the stock gamblers, railroad wreckers, and those industrial tyrants of modern times, the enormously overcapitalized and oppressive trusts.
It is sought to point out the great dangers of delegating purely government powers to these greedy monopolists, by which they are enabled to organize a money trust, far more tyrannical than all the other combinations now in existence; and by which they absolutely defy the authority that endowed them with corporate life.
The issue between these banks and the people will be joined in the near future, and the greatest struggle the world ever witnessed will take place between the usurping banks on the one hand and the people on the other.
In the nature of things, unjustly acquired power of man over man generally rises to such heights of arrogance, as to eventually create a public opinion that will grind tyranny of every form to atoms, hence, The Coming Battle that will surely take place in the near future and the victory that will be won by justice will be the noblest events in American history.
Continue researching: http://www.mega.nu/ampp/comingbattle/cbtabcon.htm
The Moneychangers by Upton Sinclair – Disturbing novel about the Wall Street scare of 1907 portrays the tactics of greedy capitalists who organize the fall of a rival trust company, creating a crash in the stock market crash and a run on American banks. Ultimately thousands of jobs are lost, throwing the world into financial chaos.
Continue researching: http://www.gutenberg.org/ebooks/5829
The Money Trap: How Banks Control the World Through Debt BBC Documentary | Published on Nov 24, 2012 – Exposing the Truth of Our Devious Financial System.
Continue researching: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_5jzkuOimNM [Video]
The Bretton Woods Transcripts – Unpublished Conference Documents, Original Transcripts and Proceedings – The Bretton Woods Project at the CFS offers many photographs of historic figures at this iconic conference. Similarly, the Project seeks to build a living library of images and recordings from the conference or from those who were directly impacted by the conference. If you have images that we can digitize and share with the public, please contact Kurt Schuler.
The PDF files below contain photographs of documents circulated at the Bretton Woods conference, from daily news bulletins to the telephone directory at the Mount Washington Hotel. These documents were not published in the 1948 conference proceedings because they were considered to be of low interest. We found many but not all of the unpublished conference documents. Many of the PDF files are very large and not easily viewed with slow Internet connections.
Continue researching: http://www.centerforfinancialstability.org/brettonwoods_docs.php
Canadian Banking System Exposed – Bill Abram Uploaded on Oct 14, 2011 – WAKE UP Canada … Canadians need to realize that they too are living with the same type of Federal Reserve private banking fraud.
Great overview of Canadian banking and a clear explanation of how the international private banking cartel hijacked Canada in 1974 by taking control of the issuance of money. This private banking cartel has been robbing Canada blind ever since, and has currently put Canadians into $500 billion dollars of debt.
(Correction: $583 billion on May 3, 2012)
The debt is actually the compound interest accumulated by borrowing this printed money from the private central banking cartel. Canada, like any other country, does NOT need private banks to issue it’s nation’s currency … countries can print their own money interest free.
Bank of Canada is a Crown corporation, but before you claim that the Canadian government “owns” the BOC and that Canadians make profit from the BOC, think again.
Continue researching: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JuP2hH0Kpro [Video]
Oh Canada Movie – Our Bought And Sold Out Land – Full Uploaded on Oct 31, 2011 – This 2009 entertaining documentary film explores the history of banking, the selling out of the prosperity of Canada, the clearance sale of Canadian businesses and the political liquidation of public infrastructures to the multi-national corporate oligarchy. How has this led to the biggest economic crash / recession / depression in Canadian history? Could it have something to do with our politicians listening to international bankers and corporations instead of the people Canada? How does the Canadian banking system really work? How does the central Bank of Canada compare with the American Federal Reserve?
This movie presents these issues that affect every Canadian from the perspective of and delivered by concerned youth in a astute and colourful manner. This is a serious journalism piece that asks the tough questions directly to such politicians as Former Prime Minister of Canada Paul Martin, Canadian Finance Minister Jim Flaherty, Green Party Leader Elizabeth May, Ontario Gas Man Dan McTeague, NDP Leader Jack Layton, Mayor of Oshawa John Gray, Former Prime Minister of Canada John Turner and many more!
ORDER DVD http://www.ohcanadamovie.com/index.html
1. Amount of money in circulation
2. 91% Federal Debt is interest
3. How money is created
5. How much we spend on debt
6. Every country is in debt
7. German company printing bank notes
8. Pension companies losing money
1. Power Corp
3. Michael Ignatieff
Keywords: Bank Of Canada BOC Finance Minister Jim Flaherty Stephen Harper Mark Carney Sovereirgnty Monetary Money Depression Recession Policy Freedom Rights Ontario Globalism Federal Court Economy Economics Crisis News IMF World Federal Reserve Ron Paul Coinage Currency Country Silver Gold
Continue researching: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UbACCGf6q-c [Video]
Canada’s Federal Debt Clock Canadian Taxpayers Federation – Canada’s federal debt grew steadily between 5% and 10% per year until 1975 when it began to explode; growing for the next 12 years at more than 20% per year. It broke the $100 billion mark in 1981 and the $200 billion mark in 1985. While the growth slowed in 1988, our federal debt continued to climb, breaking $300 billion in 1988, $400 billion 1992, and $500 billion in 1994. It peaked in 1997 at $563 billion.
Between 1997 and 2008, it slowly declined to $458 billion. After that, it all changed. Our federal debt grew by $5.8 billion in 2008-09, by $55.4 billion in 2009-10, $34 billion in 2010-11, $31 billion in 2011-12. It’s expected to grow by $21.1 billion in 2012-13. Further, it’s expected to grow until 2015-16. In just three years from 2008 to 2011 all the debt repayment ($105 billion) of the previous eight years was completely wiped out.
Canada’s debt re-passed the $500 billion mark at 3:37:16 AM on November 25, 2009.
Update: $605+ billion on February 07, 2013
Continue researching: http://www.debtclock.ca/
Money, Banking and the Federal Reserve Uploaded on Feb 22, 2006 – Thomas Jefferson and Andrew Jackson understood “The Monster”. But to most Americans today, “Federal Reserve” is just a name on the dollar bill. They have no idea of what the central bank does to the economy, or to their own economic lives; of how and why it was founded and operates; or of the sound money and banking that could end the statism, inflation, and business cycles that the Fed generates.
Dedicated to Murray N. Rothbard, steeped in American history and Austrian economics, and featuring Ron Paul, Joseph Salerno, Hans Hoppe, and Lew Rockwell, this extraordinary documentary is the clearest, most compelling explanation ever offered of the Fed, and why curbing it must be our first priority.
Alan Greenspan was not, we’re told, happy about this 1996 blockbuster. Watch it, and you’ll understand why. This is economics and history as they are meant to be: fascinating, informative, and motivating. This movie is changing America.
Continue researching: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iYZM58dulPE [Video]
Golden Share By Nikolay Starikov – The world is changing fast – more and more things happen each day and everyone is starting to feel something strange is going on. The common person is left alone in the darkness of the modern global politics with nothing to guide him through but a few facts picked up randomly by the mass media. They don’t let him see the whole picture, they don’t “turn on” the light. As a result we are left to wonder whether a furry mouse is not in fact a hideous monster. It’s time to turn on the light and see the whole picture.
Modern geopolitical situation is characterized by interaction and collision of interests of the four leading world power centers. They are:
- The USA, or rather the Anglo-Saxon world (USA and UK)
What do we know about the players? What are their main features? What are their strong and weak sides? What do they aspire for?
Continue researching: http://nstarikov.ru/en/blog/392
US Business Cycle Expansions and Contractions – Contractions (recessions) start at the peak of a business cycle and end at the trough. Please also see:
- Latest announcement from the NBER’s Business Cycle Dating Committee, dated 9/20/10.
- Download Excel file with machine-readable chronology
- Press citations on NBER Business Cycles
- Download/view pdf version
- Other Related Press Releases:
Prior to 1979, there were no formal announcements of business cycle turning points.
Continue researching: http://www.nber.org/cycles/cyclesmain.html” title=”US Business Cycle Expansions and Contractions
The History of the “Money Changers” By Andrew Hitchcock, 26 Feb 2006. He also wrote the The History of the House of Rothschild.
Economists continually try and sell the public the idea that recessions or depressions are a natural part of what they call the “business cycle”.
This timeline below will prove that is simply not the case. Recessions and depressions only occur because the Central Bankers manipulate the money supply, to ensure more and more is in their hands and less and less is in the hands of the people.
Central Bankers developed out of money changers and it is with these people we pick the story up in 48 B.C. below.
The Theory and Practice of Central Banking: 1797-1913 By Edward Victor Morgan
Continue researching: http://books.google.com/books/about/The_Theory_and_Practice_of_Central_Banki.html?id=y7U6AAAAIAAJ
The Origins of Central Banking: Solutions to the Free-Rider Problem by J. Lawrence Broz – Certain domestic institutions are sources of international power, by way of their abilities to encourage investment and to mobilize social resources in wartime. For example, states with democratic institutions almost always win the wars they fight, a regularity known as the ‘‘democratic advantage.’’ This result is intriguing since it rests on intuition about the effects of military competition on domestic institutions: rivalry among states may put pressure on sovereigns to provide the political foundations for secure markets in order to enlarge future military capabilities.
In this article I address the role of war in inducing domestic institutions that allowed governments to credibly commit to promises to pay their debts — a probable source of democracies’ edge in war. Rather than investigate the entire range of protections affected by democratic institutions—a life’s endeavor, as the work of Douglass North attests — I focus on a single financial element of the reforms: the innovation of central banking. Britain’s superior financial, economic, and military performance after 1689 rested in large part on the establishment of the Bank of England. The central bank provided a commitment technology that improved the government’s ability to borrow, a need impelled by intense military competition.
My motivation derives from puzzles concerning the origins and the diffusion of credibility-enhancing institutions like central banks. Institutions resolve collective action problems, but institutions themselves are public goods, meaning that their origins are subject to the same dilemmas they are meant to resolve.4 What then explains the incentives of self-interested and free-riding individuals to contribute to institutions that bind governments? Furthermore, if domestic political institutions are
shaped by the relentless competition of the anarchic international system, why do institutional innovations that prove advantageous not diffuse readily to all states?
Continue researching: http://dss.ucsd.edu/~jlbroz/origins_CBs_IO.pdf [pdf]
The Political Economy of Monetary Institutions: An Introduction By William Bernhard, Lawrence Broz, and William Roberts Clark – Abstract: Since the collapse of the Bretton Woods monetary system in the early 1970s, countries have experimented with a variety of monetary institutions, including alternative exchange rate arrangements and different levels of central bank independence. Political economists have analyzed the choice of these institutions, emphasizing their role in resolving both the time consistency problem and dilemmas created by an open macroeconomy. This “first generation” work, however, suffers from a central limitation: it studies exchange rate regimes and central bank institutions in isolation from one another, without investigating how one monetary institution affects the costs and benefits of the other. By contrast, the papers in this volume analyze the choice of exchange rate regime and central bank independence together and, in so doing, represent a “second generation” of research on the determinants of monetary institutions. The papers incorporate both economic and political factors in explaining the choice of monetary institutions, investigating how political institutions, democratic processes, and political party competition affect the balance between economic and distributional policy objectives.
Continue researching: http://www.nyu.edu/gsas/dept/politics/faculty/clark/clark1.pdf [pdf]
1971 Termination of Gold/Dollar Convertability – SUMMARY: Richard Nixon’s August 1971 decision to suspend the convertibility of dollars into gold was one of the most important chapters in modern economic history. Nixon’s move, which was precipitated by rising U.S. balance of payments deficits, ended the system of fixed exchange rates that had been established at the Bretton Woods conference of 1944 and ushered in a regime of floating rates.
Continue researching: http://bancroft.berkeley.edu/ROHO/projects/debt/terminationgolddollar.html
U.S. Stock Market Crashes and Their Aftermath: Implications for Monetary Policy Frederic S. Mishkin, Eugene N. White
NBER Working Paper No. 8992
Issued in June 2002
This paper examines fifteen historical episodes of stock market crashes and their aftermath in the United States over the last one hundred years. Our basic conclusion from studying these episodes is that financial instability is the key problem facing monetary policy makers and not stock market crashes, even if they reflect the possible bursting of a bubble. With a focus on financial stability rather than the stock market, the response of central banks to stock market fluctuations is more likely to be optimal and maintain support for the independence of the central bank.
Published: Hunter, William B., George G. Kaufman and Michael Pormerleano (eds.) Asset Price Bubbles: The Implications for Monetary, Regulatory and International Policies. Cambridge MA: MIT Press, 2003.
Download/view pdf format: http://www.nber.org/papers/w8992.pdf [pdf] (458 K)
Continue researching: http://www.nber.org/papers/w8992
Policy and Fiscal Effects of Swiss Bank Secrecy – Abstract – Bank secrecy has provided a significant competitive advantage to Switzerland in its development as an international financial centre. The ‘Rolls Royce’ image of Swiss bank secrecy is not merely determined by its legal components, but also by its underlying philosophy, and the perceived discretion, honesty and efficiency of the Swiss banking system. Although bank secrecy in Switzerland has been diluted by the enactment of new financial crimes, it continues to be unassailable in the case of fiscal offences. Switzerland has sought to protect its reputation by prohibiting bankers from actively assisting in flight capital and tax evasion, but this has had little effect on Switzerland’s position as the world’s leader in the management of offshore private wealth.
Keywords: bank secrecy, Switzerland, tax evasion, offshore
This Journal Article is brought to you by the Faculty of Law at ePublications@bond. It has been accepted for inclusion in Revenue Law Journal by an authorized administrator of ePublications@bond. For more information, please contact Bond University’s Repository Coordinator.
Continue researching: http://epublications.bond.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1159&context=rlj [pdf]
SWISS BANKING SECRECY Dr. Peter C. Honegger NIEDERER KRAFF & FREY,
ZURICH – In the past years, various congresses were coping with the international implications of Swiss banking secrecy. I have observed that, in this ﬁeld, US congresses generally start with US insider trading investigations, deal with the problems of judicial resp. mutual assistance and ﬁnally end up with frustrating foreign banking secrecies.
From a Swiss point of view things look different: Swiss congresses rather start with traditional principles of banking secrecy, touch upon those exceptional cases when banking information may be disclosed to foreign authorities by way of judicial assistance and then culminate with some examples of
aggressive US insider trading investigations.
SWISS BANKING SECRECY: WHAT MAKES IT SO SPECIAL?
Continue researching: http://www.nkf.ch/wAssets-nkf2/docs/publikationen/peter_c_honegger/nkf_honegger_bankingsecrecy.pdf [pdf]
Secret Swiss bank accounts: Dark truth behind black money Sonorita Chauhan Mehta | Jan 23, 2011, 20:36PM IST – New Delhi: India’s Swiss connect is as old as the first Yash Chopra movie shot in its idyllic locales. A connect that is currently strained as the fever-pitch over revelation of the black money account holders rises. How the government acts on this touchy issue is likely to determine the course this fragile relationship will take.
And as per the latest reports, India may have to wait till at least next year for information from Switzerland on the possible black money trail to Swiss banks, as a treaty for the same might come into force only by the end of 2011.
Media reports quoted a spokesperson for the Switzerland’s Federal Department of Finance as saying that the treaty needs to be ratified by various authorities in India as also in Switzerland, including the Parliament of the European nation, and it might come into force by the end of 2011 depending on these approvals.
If all these ratifications are achieved by 2011-end, the provisions of the treaty, which includes information exchange about suspected tax evaders and other financial offenders, would come into effect in India from the fiscal year beginning on or after first day of April 2012.
The Swiss ‘black money’ accounts touch a raw nerve in every Indian, who pays almost 33 per cent of his hard-earned salary in taxes while dishonest industrialists, corrupt politicians and bureaucrats have reportedly deposited their ill-gotten wealth in foreign banks. According to estimates, the figure is as high as $1500 billion, about 13 times larger than India’s entire foreign debt. The amount can make at least 45 crore poor Indians ‘lakhpatis’.
The Swiss ‘black money’ accounts touch a raw nerve in every Indian, who pays almost 33 per cent of his hard-earned salary in taxes while dishonest industrialists, corrupt politicians and bureaucrats have reportedly deposited their ill-gotten wealth in foreign banks. According to estimates, the figure is as high as $1500 billion, about 13 times larger than India’s entire foreign debt. The amount can make at least 45 crore poor Indians ‘lakhpatis’.
The debate gathered momentum on January 17, when a Swiss banker and whistleblower Rudolf Elmer committed what is considered a cardinal sin in Switzerland and handed secret data of about 2,000 Swiss Bank accounts to WikiLeaks’ founder Julian Assange. The data reportedly contains names of people from US, Britain, and Asia, of business people and politicians, who have hidden their black money in Swiss bank accounts.
The information has created a furore in India, with senior BJP leader LK Advani asking for a law to bring back the black money stashed in the Swiss bank accounts. “A shocking report published by Global Financial Transparency said that India’s Rs 20.85 lakh crore have been deposited with Swiss Banks. We have even written a letter to the prime minister in this regard. But we have not received a reply so far,” he said.
The PM did respond but it wasn’t an answer anyone wanted to hear. “The information will not be made public. It will be a violation of treaties. There is no instant solution to bring back what is called black money,” Manmohan Singh said.
Solicitor General Gopal Subramanium was parroting the PM’s line in the Supreme Court, when an enraged bench retorted, “It is a pure and simple theft of the national money. We are talking about mind-boggling crime. We are not talking on the niceties of various treaties. This is plunder of the nation and that is the pure truth.”
In a similar vein, Janata party chief Subramanium Swamy expressed surprise at the stand of the government in the apex court. In a letter to the PM he said, “From my inquiries it appears that there is no such bilateral agreement and therefore it appears that your law officials have misled the Supreme Court in this matter”. He added that if the government does not act fast in this regard the Indian account holders shall re-circulate the same.
The Supreme Court’s reprimand seems to have forced the Govt’s hand which went into a huddle. Later Defence Minister AK Antony, instead of the Finance Minister, made this bland statement: “Our government is committed to bring all that money and find out the truth. But there is some process involved. There will no cover-up on the matter.”
Overdose: The Next Financial Crisis Published July 2, 2012 – With the US raising their debt ceiling, are we in a global bail-out bubble that will eventually burst? This doc offers a fresh insight into the greatest economic crisis of our age: the one still awaiting us.
The financial storm that has rocked the world began brewing in the US when congress pushed the idea of home ownership for all, propping up those who couldn’t make the down payments. When it all went wrong the government promised the biggest financial stimulus packages in history and gargantuan bailouts. But what crazed logic is that: propping up debt with more debt? “They’re giving alcohol to a drunk: it just sets him up for a bigger hangover.”
Continue researching: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4ECi6WJpbzE [Video]
The Great Euro Crash – 2012 Published on Jun 9, 2012 – For more than two years Europe has teetered on the edge of an economic precipice – one of the factors that has pushed Britain back into recession. How exactly did Europe get itself into the current financial mess? Talking to historians, economists and politicians, BBC business editor Robert Peston takes a long view of the euro – from Churchill’s vision of a United States of Europe to the bail-outs of Greece, Portugal and Ireland. Meeting a property developer in Ireland, a taxi driver in Rome and a German manufacturing worker, the film exposes the high cost being paid by European workers today for the dream of monetary union – and how close Europe came to a complete banking meltdown. The crisis could yet claim another victim – Britain, with its vast financial sector, would be dragged down by the collapse of the euro. The cost for saving the euro may be high, but the alternative would be a return to the economic mayhem of the 1930s
Continue researching: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dyNekAJ6rA8 [Video]
Petrodollar Cycle & Realpolitik Published on Apr 15, 2012 – Many people think the US dollar is a fiat currency, actually it is an oil backed currency; although this isn’t explicitly stated.
In order for an oil importing nation to increase its consumption of energy it must increase the amount of dollars it has. This is a windfall for the US as it can simply print the money and spend it.
- Bin Laden Interview: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dqQwnqjA-6w [Video]
- Peak Oil Crash Course: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8WBiTnBwSWc [Video]
- ASPO Association for the Study of Peak Oil: http://www.peakoil.net/
- Institute for Research in Middle Eastern Policy: http://www.irmep.org/
- IRmep Director Grant Smith on JFK’s Efforts to Stop Israel’s Nuclear Weapons Program: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BWCgSSEiQns [Video]
Continue researching: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=13Rll6ZHbow
A new Gold Standard is being born By Ambrose Evans-Pritchard Economics Last updated: January 17th, 2013 – The world is moving step by step towards a de facto Gold Standard, without any meetings of G20 leaders to announce the idea or bless the project.
Some readers will already have seen the GFMS Gold Survey for 2012 which reported that central banks around the world bought more bullion last year in terms of tonnage than at any time in almost half a century.
They added a net 536 tonnes in 2012 as they diversified fresh reserves away from the four fiat suspects: dollar, euro, sterling, and yen.
The Washington Accord, where Britain, Spain, Holland, Switzerland, and others sold a chunk of their gold each year, already seems another era – the Gordon Brown era, you might call it.
That was the illusionary period when investors thought the euro would take its place as the twin pillar of a new G2 condominium alongside the dollar. That hope has faded. Central bank holdings of euro bonds have fallen back to 26pc, where they were almost a decade ago.
Neither the euro nor the dollar can inspire full confidence, although for different reasons. EMU is a dysfunctional construct, covering two incompatible economies, prone to lurching from crisis to crisis, without a unified treasury to back it up. The dollar stands on a pyramid of debt. We all know that this debt will be inflated away over time – for better or worse. The only real disagreement is over the speed.
The central bank buyers are of course the rising powers of Asia and the commodity bloc, now holders of two thirds of the world’s $11 trillion foreign reserves, and all its incremental reserves.
#Harper #Gold #Davos #Soros #CurrencyWars –
We are perplexed and puzzled about the timing of why Prime Minister Stephen Harper’s wife Laureen , “liquidated her entire portfolio of stock market investments late last year.” Oddly enough, several other “global” factors, central banks , investors  as well as other anomalies that add to the confusion. This brings us to another topic and point to ponder, Why is Deutsche Bundesbank demanding it’s gold reserves back and will this escalate and initiate more global currency wars? Then we consider the rather bleak announcement and admission from Bank of Canada’s outgoing Mark Carney “The slowdown in the second half of 2012 was more pronounced than the Bank had anticipated”. One thing is certain, something is rotten in #Ottawapiskat and Martha Stewart comes to mind for some reason. For our next chapter in the #Ottawapiskat for #Upsettlers: #ShagTheDog series featuring #Bundesbank, #Gold and #CurrencyWars.
Continue researching: https://ottawapiskat.wordpress.com/shagthedog/harper-gold-soros-currencywars/
Feature film presentation of Katanga Business which explores mining issues in the Congo.
The docu-drama shows how the destinies of Congolese miners, a Canadian CEO and Chinese Businessman intertwine in the context of globalization.
Check out the trailer: http://www.katanga-lefilm.com/
Dr. Jim Harding – Canada’s Deadly Secret Uploaded on Apr 28, 2011 – In this video, professor, researcher and author Dr. Jim Harding reveals the impact of uranium mining on everything from public health to nuclear weapons. Addressing aboriginal rights, the environment, the epidemic of cancer and the international nuclear industry, he presents an alternative vision linking energy, health, and sovereignty to a sustainable and peaceful future.
Continue researching: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DJp0yBgsATo [Video]
Global Mining and The Ugly Canadian Published on Nov 14, 2012 – Yves Engler: The Canadian Harper government actively interferes in the affairs of other countries on behalf of mining companies registered in Canada
Continue researching: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gx85CDGxZeE [Video]
The Oily Americans By Donald L. Barlett and James B. Steele Tuesday, May 13, 2003 – For more than a half-century, American foreign policy dealing with oil has typically been manipulative and misguided, often both at the same time. The pattern of intrigue has ranged from U.S. officials’ secretly writing tax laws in the 1950s (so the Saudi royal family could collect more money from the sale of its oil and American companies could write off the added payments on their tax returns) to overthrowing a government that showed too much independence in handling its oil sales. To illustrate the dark side of American oil policy, we offer two tales, stitched together from declassified government documents and oil-industry memos, involving a pair of Iraq’s neighbors, Iran and Afghanistan.
The first one begins with the rise of a member of Iran’s parliament, Mohammed Mossadegh, an impassioned speaker and popular politician who had long chafed at British domination over his country’s oil. The Anglo-Iranian Oil Co., partly owned by the British government and a predecessor of today’s British Petroleum, held the concession for all of Iran. It set production rates and prices as well as Iran’s token share of the proceeds. Mossadegh sought a fifty-fifty sharing agreement, which was then becoming the common arrangement between other oil-producing countries and U.S. companies. The British refused. In 1951 Mossadegh successfully pushed to nationalize Anglo-Iranian, became Iran’s Premier and established the National Iranian Oil Co.
Continue researching: http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,450997-1,00.html
Bakries threaten to withdraw Bumi plan if Rothschild returns LONDON | Mon Jan 14, 2013 10:13am EST – Jan 14 (Reuters) – Indonesia’s influential Bakrie family said on Monday they could withdraw their plans to exit Bumi Plc, the London coal miner co-founded with Nat Rothschild, if the financier pursues plans to return to the board.
UPDATE 1-Indonesia’s Bakrie family agrees terms of Bumi split Tue Feb 12, 2013 4:31pm – * Bakries agree $50 million break fee
* Agreement sets deadline of May 30
* Bakries will not do deal if Rothschild takes control of board
LONDON, Feb 12 (Reuters) – Indonesia’s politically connected Bakrie family has agreed to a $640 million deal to sever ties with coal miner Bumi Plc, all but ending their ill-fated London adventure after two years of bitter boardroom battles.
Last October, as tensions between shareholders escalated, the family announced they planned to draw a line under the London deal. They then proposed a $1.4 billion deal to buy back with shares and cash the coal assets they brought into the company, set up with financier Nat Rothschild in 2010.
The Bakries, though, have faced opposition from both the board and Rothschild to the full plan to take back all the Indonesian assets. Both Bumi’s current management and the hedge fund veteran and want to retain coal miner Berau, 85 percent owned by the London group, and avoid unravelling Bumi.
Both hope to revive Bumi, a company that was intended to bring undervalued assets to European investors, but which has instead become emblematic of institutional investors’ worries about governance of foreign resources firms listed in London.
Continue researching: http://www.reuters.com/article/2013/02/12/bumi-bakriegroup-idUSL4N0BC4IS20130212
Machines of War: Blackwater, Monsanto, and Bill Gates Silvia Ribeiro
La Jornada 14.10.2010 – A report by Jeremy Scahill in The Nation (Blackwater’s Black Ops, 9/15/2010) revealed that the largest mercenary army in the world, Blackwater (now called Xe Services) clandestine intelligence services was sold to the multinational Monsanto. Blackwater was renamed in 2009 after becoming famous in the world with numerous reports of abuses in Iraq, including massacres of civilians. It remains the largest private contractor of the U.S. Department of State “security services,” that practices state terrorism by giving the government the opportunity to deny it.
Many military and former CIA officers work for Blackwater or related companies created to divert attention from their bad reputation and make more profit selling their nefarious services-ranging from information and intelligence to infiltration, political lobbying and paramilitary training – for other governments, banks and multinational corporations. According to Scahill, business with multinationals, like Monsanto, Chevron, and financial giants such as Barclays and Deutsche Bank, are channeled through two companies owned by Erik Prince, owner of Blackwater: Total Intelligence Solutions and Terrorism Research Center. These officers and directors share Blackwater.
One of them, Cofer Black, known for his brutality as one of the directors of the CIA, was the one who made contact with Monsanto in 2008 as director of Total Intelligence, entering into the contract with the company to spy on and infiltrate organizations of animal rights activists, anti-GM and other dirty activities of the biotech giant.
Tens of thousands of comments come into U.S. FDA on Canadian GM salmon The Canadian Press / February 13, 2013 – Almost 30,000 comments have poured into the U.S. Food and Drug Administration about Canadian genetically modified salmon since the agency announced preliminary assessments found the altered fish pose no significant environmental impact.
The response has been so strong in the past two months that the FDA was asked to extend the public comment period, and it issued a statement Wednesday to say comments will remain open an additional 60 days, until April 26.
Morgan Liscinsky, spokesperson for the FDA, said the agency will review the comments after that and decide how to proceed.
“FDA will complete the review of the AquAdvantage Salmon application and will reach a decision on approval,” Liscinsky said in an email.
“At this point it is not possible to predict a timeline for when these decisions will be made.”
Developed at Memorial University in Newfoundland and the University of Toronto, the eggs are produced at AquaBounty Farms in Prince Edward Island and the fish are reared in Panama.
The Atlantic salmon egg is modified with genes from chinook salmon and an eel-like fish called the ocean pout, which makes the fish grow twice as fast as conventional fish, cutting in half the time it takes to reach market size.
Calls to Massachusetts-based AquaBounty Technologies, the company that wants to produce AquAdvantage commercially, were not immediately returned.
While genetically modified plant crops were approved for human consumption almost two decades ago, the altered salmon would be the first transgenic animal to make it onto a menu. The product has been making its way through the American regulatory process for 17 years.
Farmageddon – The truth about the food and dairy industry Published on May 12, 2012
Americans’ right to access fresh, healthy foods of their choice is under attack. Farmageddon tells the story of small, family farms that were providing safe, healthy foods to their communities and were forced to stop, sometimes through violent ac-tion, by agents of misguided government bureaucracies, and seeks to figure out why.
Filmmaker Kristin Canty’s quest to find healthy food for her four children turned into an educational journey to discover why access to these foods was being threatened. What she found were policies that favor agribusiness and factory farms over small family-operated farms selling fresh foods to their communities. Instead of focusing on the source of food safety problems — most often the industrial food chain — policymakers and regulators implement and enforce solutions that target and often drive out of business small farms that have proven themselves more than capable of producing safe, healthy food, but buckle under the crushing weight of government regulations and excessive enforcement actions.
Farmageddon highlights the urgency of food freedom, encouraging farmers and consumers alike to take action to preserve individuals’ rights to access food of their choice and farmers’ rights to produce these foods safely and free from unreasona-bly burdensome regulations. The film serves to put policymakers and regulators on notice that there is a growing movement of people aware that their freedom to choose the foods they want is in danger, a movement that is taking action with its dollars and its voting power to protect and preserve the dwindling number of family farms that are struggling to survive.
****SAVE THIS DOCUMENTARY AS AN MP4 FILE TO WATCH RATHER THAN STREAM***
1) Highlight and copy this (or any) videos URL address
2) Go to http://www.savetube.com
3) Paste the URL you just copied into the “VID” field and then click on VIDEO.
4) It will then give you options for download, download the MP4 file. You can then watch it without waiting for it to buffer and even better, burn it to DVD for others to see.
Continue researching: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5uah8LBUbfc [Video]
Find out more about factory farming & the state of the food industry.
We’re committed to covering the landscape of food, from important policy news about factory farming and the food industry, to lifestyle content that will help you make better choices when it comes to sustainable and ethical eating practices.
Continue researching: http://www.takepart.com/foodinc
Blue Gold ~ World Water Wars Published on Aug 28, 2012
In every corner of the globe, we are polluting, diverting, pumping, and wasting our limited supply of fresh water at an exponential level as population and technology grows, resulting in the desertification of the earth.
Corporate giants profit by forcing developing countries to privatize their shrinking water supply. Wall Street investors target desalination and mass bulk water export schemes to turn a global catastrophe into a product.
Corrupt governments use water for economic and political gain, military control of water emerges, and a new geopolitical map and power structure forms, setting the stage for world water wars.
The good news is that people everywhere have fought and will continue fighting for their basic right to water, from Michigan court cases to violent Bolivian revolutions, from Mexican awareness Caravans (right) to Maine citizens dumping bottle water back into their river (above left), or even third graders protesting in grade school – People fight, because they must.
Wars of the future will be fought over water as they are over oil today, as the source of human survival enters the global marketplace and political arena.
Corporate giants, private investors, and corrupt governments vie for control of our dwindling supply, prompting protests, lawsuits, and revolutions from citizens fighting for the right to survive.
Past civilizations have collapsed from poor water management.
Can the human race survive?
Please paypal donate to the film maker as he spent over $100,000 for filming and fully producing this movie on the professional level.
His website : http://www.bluegold-worldwaterwars.com/
Link to the filmaker’s donation call : http://onebigtorrent.org/torrents/5465/Blue-Gold-World-Water-Wars
Continue researching: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=va72ceoctFk [Video]
Paraguay in a spin about Bushs alleged 100,000 acre hideaway Tom Phillips in Cuiab – The Guardian, Monday 23 October 2006 – Meeting the new couple next door can be an anxious business for even the most relaxed home owner. Will they be international drug traffickers? Have they got noisy kids with a penchant for electronic music? As worries go, however, having the US president move in next door must come fairly low on the list.
Unless of course you are a resident of northern Paraguay and believe reports in the South American press that he has bought up a 100,000 acre (40,500 hectare) ranch in your neck of the woods.
The rumours, as yet unconfirmed but which began with the state-run Cuban news agency Prensa Latina, have triggered an outpouring of conspiracy theories, with speculation rife about what President Bush’s supposed interest in the “chaco”, a semi-arid lowland in the Paraguay’s north, might be.
Some have speculated that he might be trying to wrestle control of the Guarani Aquifer, one of the largest underground water reserves, from the Paraguayans.
Continue researching: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2006/oct/23/mainsection.tomphillips
Bill Gates – Owning the Weather in 2013 – A Geoengineering Tale Published on Dec 26, 2012
“Unless someone like you cares a whole awful lot, Nothing is going to get better. It’s not.” ― Dr. Seuss, The Lorax
Continue researching: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VEkB-ifSjYE [Video]
Bill Gates backs climate scientists lobbying for large-scale geoengineering
Other wealthy individuals have also funded a series of reports into the future use of technologies to geoengineer the climate. A small group of leading climate scientists, financially supported by billionaires including Bill Gates, are lobbying governments and international bodies to back experiments into manipulating the climate on a global scale to avoid catastrophic climate change.
The scientists, who advocate geoengineering methods such as spraying millions of tonnes of reflective particles of sulphur dioxide 30 miles above earth, argue that a “plan B” for climate change will be needed if the UN and politicians cannot agree to making the necessary cuts in greenhouse gases, and say the US government and others should pay for a major programme of international research.
Solar geoengineering techniques are highly controversial: while some climate scientists believe they may prove a quick and relatively cheap way to slow global warming, others fear that when conducted in the upper atmosphere, they could irrevocably alter rainfall patterns and interfere with the earth’s climate.
Geoengineering is opposed by many environmentalists, who say the technology could undermine efforts to reduce emissions, and by developing countries who fear it could be used as a weapon or by rich countries to their advantage. In 2010, the UN Convention on Biological Diversity declared a moratorium on experiments in the sea and space, except for small-scale scientific studies.
Concern is now growing that the small but influential group of scientists, and their backers, may have a disproportionate effect on major decisions about geoengineering research and policy.
A Coordinated Strategy Could Focus Federal Geoengineering Research and Inform Governance Efforts GAO-10-903, Sep 23, 2010 – Recommendation: The appropriate entities within the Executive Office of the President (EOP), such as the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP), in consultation with relevant federal agencies, should develop a clear, defined, and coordinated approach to geoengineering research in the context of a federal strategy to address climate change that (1) defines geoengineering for federal agencies; (2) leverages existing resources by having federal agencies collect information and coordinate federal research related to geoengineering in a transparent manner; and if the administration decides to establish a formal geoengineering research program, (3) sets clear research priorities to inform decision-making and future governance efforts.
View Report: http://www.gao.gov/assets/320/310105.pdf [pdf] (70 pages)
Geoengineering: Governance and Technology Policy – January 2, 2013 Prepared for Members and Committees of Congress by Kelsi Bracmort, Specialist in Agricultural Conservation and Natural Resources Policy, Richard K. Lattanzio, Analyst in Environmental Policy – Summary – Climate change policies at both the national and international levels have traditionally focused on measures to mitigate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and to adapt to the actual or anticipated impacts of changes in the climate. As a participant in several international agreements on climate change, the United States has joined with other nations to express concern about climate change. However, in the absence of a national climate change policy, some recent technological advances and hypotheses, generally referred to as “geoengineering” technologies, have created alternatives to these traditional approaches. If deployed, these new technologies could modify the Earth’s climate on a large scale. Moreover, these new technologies may become available to foreign governments and entities in the private sector to use unilaterally—without authorization from the United States government or an international treaty—as was done in the summer of 2012 when an American citizen conducted an ocean fertilization experiment off the coast of Canada.
The term “geoengineering” describes this array of technologies that aim, through large-scale and deliberate modifications of the Earth’s energy balance, to reduce temperatures and counteract anthropogenic climate change. Most of these technologies are at the conceptual and research stages, and their effectiveness at reducing global temperatures has yet to be proven. Moreover, very few studies have been published that document the cost, environmental effects, socio-political impacts, and legal implications of geoengineering. If geoengineering technologies were to be deployed, they are expected to have the potential to cause significant transboundary effects.
In general, geoengineering technologies are categorized as either a carbon dioxide removal (CDR) method or a solar radiation management (SRM) method. CDR methods address the warming effects of greenhouse gases by removing carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere. CDR methods include ocean fertilization, and carbon capture and sequestration. SRM methods address climate change by increasing the reflectivity of the Earth’s atmosphere or surface. Aerosol injection and space-based reflectors are examples of SRM methods. SRM methods do not remove greenhouse gases from the atmosphere, but can be deployed faster with relatively immediate global cooling results compared to CDR methods.
To date, there is limited federal involvement in, or oversight of, geoengineering. However, some states as well as some federal agencies, notably the Environmental Protection Agency, Department of Energy, Department of Agriculture, and the Department of Defense, have taken actions related to geoengineering research or projects. At the international level, there is no international agreement or organization governing the full spectrum of possible geoengineering activities. Nevertheless, provisions of many international agreements, including those relating to climate change, maritime pollution, and air pollution, would likely inform the types of geoengineering activities that state parties to these agreements might choose to pursue. In 2010, the Convention on Biological Diversity adopted provisions calling for member parties to abstain from geoengineering unless the parties have fully considered the risks and impacts of those activities on biodiversity.
With the possibility that geoengineering technologies may be developed and that climate change will remain an issue of global concern, policymakers may determine whether geoengineering warrants attention at either the federal or international level. If so, policymakers will also need to consider whether geoengineering can be effectively addressed by amendments to existing laws and international agreements or, alternatively, whether new laws and international treaties would need to be developed.
Congressional Research Service
Continue researching: http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R41371.pdf [pdf]
Bill Gates’ cloud-whitening trials ‘a dangerous experiment’ From the Ecologist, part of the Guardian Environment Network guardian.co.uk, Friday 14 May 2010 10.19 BST – Campaigners say a Bill Gates-backed geo-engineering project to whiten clouds and reduce global warming is ‘risky’
Campaigners have criticised plans for a sea trial of cloud-whitening technology, funded by Microsoft founder Bill Gates.
A US-based research body, Silver Lining, which has received $300,000 from Mr Gates, is developing machines to convert seawater into microscopic particles to be sprayed into clouds. Scientists believe this will increase the whiteness, or albedo, of clouds and increase their ability to reflect more sunlight back into space, reducing global warming.
The Gates-backed sea trial would be the largest known attempt to geoengineer the climate so far, reported to be conducted over an area of 10,000km2.
Continue researching: http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2010/may/14/bill-gates-cloud-whitening-dangerous
As huge cloud-whitening experiment goes public, global coalition urges an immediate halt to geoengineering. First UN talks on issue in thirty years begin today. ETC Group
News Release 10 May 2010
Chemtrails. The Realities of Geoengineering and Weather Modification By James F. Tracy Global Research, November 08, 2012 – Over the past decade evidence has increasingly emerged indicating how geoengineering and weather modification programs designed to inflict major impacts on the atmosphere and environment are fully operational.
Despite such developments the CO2-specific anthropogenic theory of global warming touted by foundation-funded environmental groups and public relations dominates much of popular discourse and the prevailing worldview of intellectuals.
By drawing attention away from actually existing efforts of atmospheric experimentation and manipulation, such coordinated efforts are complicit in the impending environmental catastrophe they profess to be rallying against. The repeated claim of CO2-driven climate change without acknowledgment of geoengineering-related environmental intervention is a severe perversion of both meaningful scientific inquiry and public opinion with overwhelming implications for all life on earth.
CHEMTRAILS Exposed on Discovery Channel Uploaded on Jul 4, 2009 Could our government really be spreading toxic chemicals through our air? Believe it or not-it’s true, even discovery channel has reported on them.
Continue researching: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yZFNJplylns [Video]
National Security Study Memorandum 200 (NSSM 200) by Henry Kissinger
April 24, 1974 – NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20506
April 24, 1974
National Security Study Memorandum 200
TO: The Secretary of Defense
The Secretary of Agriculture
The Director of Central Intelligence
The Deputy Secretary of State
Administrator, Agency for International Development
SUBJECT: Implications of Worldwide Population Growth for U.S. Security and Overseas Interests
The President has directed a study of the impact of world population growth on U.S. security and overseas interests. The study should look forward at least until the year 2000, and use several alternative reasonable projections of population growth.
In terms of each projection, the study should assess:
- the corresponding pace of development, especially in poorer countries;
- the demand for US exports, especially of food, and the trade problems the US may face arising from competition for resources; and
- the likelihood that population growth or imbalances will produce disruptive foreign policies and international instability.
The study should focus on the international political and economic implications of population growth rather than its ecological, sociological or other aspects.
The study would then offer possible courses of action for the United States in dealing with population matters abroad, particularly in developing countries, with special attention to these questions:
- What, if any, new initiatives by the United States are needed to focus international attention on the population problem?
- Can technological innovations or development reduce growth or ameliorate its effects?
- Could the United States improve its assistance in the population field and if so, in what form and through which agencies — bilateral, multilateral, private?
The study should take into account the President’s concern that population policy is a human concern intimately related to the dignity of the individual and the objective of the United States is to work closely with others, rather than seek to impose our views on others.
The President has directed that the study be accomplished by the NSC Under Secretaries Committee. The Chairman, Under Secretaries Committee, is requested to forward the study together with the Committee’s action recommendations no later than May 29, 1974 for consideration by the President.
HENRY A. KISSINGER
cc: Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff
Continue researching: http://www.naderlibrary.com/lit.natsecstudymemo200.htm
OCCUPATION 101: The real tragedy mainstream media won’t tell you about
2007 documentary on the middle east conflict.
Continue researching: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K_jvXnPG9Xc [Video]
Disposable People – Slavery Today Uploaded on Feb 28, 2011 – 27 MILLION SLAVES – Kevin Bales, PhD, author of Disposable People and head of Free the Slaves, did a whirlwind tour April 19, 2005, of Mercyhurst Campus in Erie PA, speaking to a half-dozen different venues. We caught up with four of them: Mercyhurst high school,Mercyhurst college and an evening public presentation on the campus. We also did an interview. That was the fourth venue for us, sandwiched in between his college class and high school auditorium.
The nuns had a nice spot reserved for us, a patio off the administration building. I set up two cameras, one a good distance behind me for cut-aways. I’d read Bales book years before and had a lot of questions. I certainly wasn’t going to just have him repeat his very fine shtick. First and foremost, I wanted to know, couldn’t all this slavery be ended pretty quickly by reversing ‘globalism’, and putting in place something like JFK had in mind with the Alliance for Progress? As opposed to ‘conditionalities’ imposed by the likes of Robert Zoelick, monster criminal (and a willing part of what Kevin MacDonald calls the “Jewish evolutionary group strategy?’)
My question wasn’t quite so bold, but Bales told me he couldn’t get into politics because that would endanger his 501C3 status. The “tax status” is really a license ensuring the bearer (for essentially a sum of money, and a certain added credibility) will only talk about symptoms, but never touch too closely causality).
TRICKLE DOWN SLAVERY
Bales explains the devastating effects of “globalization” (think NAFTA, GATT, IMF, World Bank and the policy-makers CFR, Trilateral Commission, Bilderberg) has been TO CHEAPEN LIFE, creating a new, even more grotesque kind of slavery. A slave in pre-civil war South could cost the equivalent of $40,000. Today, though (and though illegal), Bales documents that a throw-away slave can be had for $50 or so.
WAL-MART SLAVE OUTLET
Under a 1930 law, it is illegal to import products into the US that have been made by prison labor. Yet Wal-mart imports merchandise from some 900 Chinese prisons (at last count).
Bales also makes reference to the criminal US post-civil war slave emancipation where slaves were ill-prepared to survive but rather set up for exploitation in perpetuity. Video uses segments of Free the Slaves film used in Bales’ lectures. Program aired April 2005 on Channel 5 Public Access Mayville NY snowshoefilms yoryevrah
Continue researching: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qfCiQJE_sBg [Video]
Genetic Roulette – The Gamble of our Lives Published on Oct 8, 2012
Are you and your family on the wrong side of a bet?
When the US government ignored repeated warnings by its own scientists and allowed untested genetically modified (GM) crops into our environment and food supply, it was a gamble of unprecedented proportions. The health of all living things and all future generations were put at risk by an infant technology.
After two decades, physicians and scientists have uncovered a grave trend. The same serious health problems found in lab animals, livestock, and pets that have been fed GM foods are now on the rise in the US population. And when people and animals stop eating genetically modified organisms (GMOs), their health improves.
This seminal documentary provides compelling evidence to help explain the deteriorating health of Americans, especially among children, and offers a recipe for protecting ourselves and our future.
Order the DVD at: http://seedsofdeception.com/store/dvdcd?product_id=124
Donate to support the The Institute for Responsible Technology: http://www.responsibletechnology.org/donategr
Continue researching: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wnlTYFKBg18 [Video]
Human Cloning | No Boundaries in Science? Discovery Channel Documentary Published on Nov 22, 2012 – Discovery Science: Cloning People
Continue researching: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PEkea_xaus8 [Video]
Mind Control Overview, Hypnosis, CIA MKUltra, Psychiatry, Conspiracy Theory, Psychology Uploaded on Nov 27, 2008 – This is a wide screen version of “Mind Control, Psychology of Brainwashing, Sex & Hypnosis”.
The video has been remastered in 16:9 wide screen. Editing errors have been corrected as well.
Search Terms, Mind Control Overview Hypnosis CIA MKUltra Psychiatry Conspiracy Theory Psychology mass media brainwashing sex youtube hypno brain washing
Continue researching: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CqTCCYbBY4U [Video]
CIA’s Secret Experiments MK Ultra Documentary FULL Published on Oct 18, 2012 – Project MKUltra is the code name for a covert research operation experimenting in the behavioral engineering of humans (mind control) through the CIA’s Scientific Intelligence Division. The program began in the early 1950s, was officially sanctioned in 1953, was reduced in scope in 1964, further curtailed in 1967 and “officially halted” in 1973. The program engaged in many illegal activities; in particular it used unwitting U.S. and Canadian citizens as its test subjects, which led to controversy regarding its legitimacy. MKUltra involved the use of many methodologies to manipulate people’s individual mental states and alter brain functions, including the surreptitious administration of drugs (especially LSD) and other chemicals, hypnosis, sensory deprivation, isolation, verbal and sexual abuse, as well as various forms of torture.
The scope of Project MKUltra was broad, with research undertaken at 80 institutions, including 44 colleges and universities, as well as hospitals, prisons and pharmaceutical companies. The CIA operated through these institutions using front organizations, although sometimes top officials at these institutions were aware of the CIA’s involvement. MKUltra was allocated 6 percent of total CIA funds.
Project MKUltra was first brought to public attention in 1975 by the Church Committee of the U.S. Congress, and a Gerald Ford commission to investigate CIA activities within the United States. Investigative efforts were hampered by the fact that CIA Director Richard Helms ordered all MKUltra files destroyed in 1973; the Church Committee and Rockefeller Commission investigations relied on the sworn testimony of direct participants and on the relatively small number of documents that survived Helms’ destruction order.
In 1977, a Freedom of Information Act request uncovered a cache of 20,000 documents relating to project MKUltra, which led to Senate hearings later that same year. In July 2001 some surviving information regarding MKUltra was officially declassified.
Continue researching: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ce2Ap_glkbQ [Video]
CIA Mind Control Techniques MK-ULTRA Program Brainwashing Uploaded on Sep 9, 2011 – Mind control (also known as brainwashing, coercive persuasion, mind abuse, thought control, or thought reform) refers to a process in which a group or individual “systematically uses unethically manipulative methods to persuade others to conform to the wishes of the manipulator(s), often to the detriment of the person being manipulated.” The term has been applied to any tactic, psychological or otherwise, which can be seen as subverting an individual’s sense of control over their own thinking, behavior, emotions or decision making.
Theories of brainwashing and of mind control were originally developed to explain how totalitarian regimes appeared to succeed in systematically indoctrinating prisoners of war through propaganda and torture techniques. These theories were later expanded and modified, by psychologists including Margaret Singer, to explain a wider range of phenomena, especially conversions to new religious movements (NRMs). A third-generation theory proposed by Ben Zablocki focused on the utilization of mind control to retain members of NRMs and cults to convert them to a new religion. The suggestion that NRMs use mind control techniques has resulted in scientific and legal controversy. Neither the American Psychological Association nor the American Sociological Association have found any scientific merit in such theories.
Project MKULTRA, or MK-ULTRA, was the code name for a covert, illegal CIA human research program, run by the Office of Scientific Intelligence. This official U.S. government program began in the early 1950s, continuing at least through the late 1960s, and it used U.S. and Canadian citizens as its test subjects.
Donald Ewen Cameron (24 December 1901–8 September 1967) was a twentieth-century Scottish-American psychiatrist. Cameron was involved in Project MKULTRA, United States Central Intelligence Agency’s research on torture and mind control.
Cameron lived and worked in Albany, New York, and was involved in experiments in Canada for Project MKULTRA, a United States based CIA-directed mind control program which eventually led to the publication of the KUBARK Counterintelligence Interrogation manual. He is unrelated to another CIA psychiatrist Alan Cameron, who helped pioneer psychological profiling of world leaders during the 1970s.
Naomi Klein states in her book The Shock Doctrine that Cameron’s research and his contribution to the MKUltra project was actually not about mind control and brainwashing, but about designing “a scientifically based system for extracting information from ‘resistant sources.’ In other words, torture…Stripped of its bizarre excesses, Dr. Cameron’s experiments, building upon Donald O. Hebb’s earlier breakthrough, laid the scientific foundation for the CIA’s two-stage psychological torture method.”
Mind control in popular culture: * The communal brainwashing of an entire model community via subliminal messages is a central theme in the 2009 novel Candor by Pam Bachorz. * In the novel A Clockwork Orange by Anthony Burgess, the protagonist undergoes a scientific re-education process called the “Ludovico technique” in an attempt to remove his violent tendencies. * In his 1999 science fictin novel A Deepness in the Sky, Vernor Vinge introduces the themes of “mindrot” and controlled “Focus” later eplored in his 2006 novel. * In the novel Night of the Hawk by Dale Brown, the Soviets capture and brainwash U.S. Air Force Lieutenant David Luger, transforming him into the Russian scientist Ivan Ozerov. * In George Orwell’s novel Nineteen Eighty-Four (published in 1949 before the popularization of the term “brainwashing”), the fictional totalitarian government of Oceania uses brainwashing-style techniques to erase nonconformist thought and rebellious personalities. * Vernor Vinge speculates on the application of technology to achieve brainwashing in his 2006 science fiction novel, Rainbows End (ISBN 0-312-85684-9), portraying separately the dangers of JITT (Just-in-time training) and the specter of YGBM (You gotta believe me).
Brainwashing became a common trope of films, television and games in the late twentieth century. It was a convenient means of introducing changes in the behavior of characters and a device for raising tension and audience uncertainty in the climate of Cold War and outbreaks of terrorism. * The film Brazil, depicts a fascist government similar to that in George Orwell’s novel Nineteen Eighty-Four. The government controls a totalitarian society subconsciously by manipulation, intending to remain in control of the population. * Derren Brown: Mind Control (1999-2000)
Continue researching: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=duAxAcI-N50 [Video]
MK ULTRA Mind Control Revealed – The True Story (1998) Uploaded on January 20, 2011 – Ted Gunderson, a retired 27 year veteran FBI special agent who worked in the L.A. district with over 700 agents under his command, shows on video documented proof of a CIA splinter group known as the Finders, who, according to a U.S. Customs document, were involved in a kidnappping scheme for child sexual slavery. Brice Taylor is the highest level, healed survivor of MKULTRA trauma-based mind control, ever to go public. Beginning in 1985, her healing journey within allowed her to discover the truth that set her free, indeed a truth that can set us all free! Barbara Hartwell is a survivor of the CIA’s MKULTRA and Phoenix Project. She was utilized for many years as a mind controlled operative and professional CIA asset. Ted Gunderson has endorsed her credibility and documented the harassment and political persecution which followed the breaking of her programming and her refusal to allow the CIA to get returns on their “investment”. Gene “Chip” Tatum, during his twenty two years as a deep cover CIA and DIA operative, aw or participated in a remarkable series of covert operations. Foremost in his mind are the years 1986-92, when he operated for a group he called Pegasus. This group operated on behalf of the US and other governments undertaking tasks that ranged from narcotic smuggling to assassinations. If copyright becomes an issue on this video upload, it will be deleted immediately. Please rate and comment.
Continue researching: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LI2aF8kMb7Q [Video]
CIA Special Research Project Bluebird 1952 Posted July 29, 2012 in Central Intelligence Agency – The following formerly classified document from 1952 on the CIA’s Project BLUEBIRD, an offshoot of Project MKULTRA which focused on hypnosis and behavior modification as a means of preventing Agency employees from providing intelligence to adversaries, was obtained from the CIA Freedom of Information Act Reading Room.
Download CIA Special Research, Bluebird: January 1, 1952:
http://info.publicintelligence.net/CIA-Bluebird.pdf [pdf] (8 pages)
Continue researching: https://publicintelligence.net/cia-bluebird/
Psywar – Full Documentary Uploaded on Jan 2, 2012
This film explores the evolution of propaganda and public relations in the United States, with an emphasis on the elitist theory of democracy and the relationship between war, propaganda and class.
Includes original interviews with a number of dissident scholars including Noam Chomsky, Howard Zinn, Michael Parenti, Peter Phillips (Project Censored), John Stauber (PR Watch), Christopher Simpson (The Science of Coercion) and others.
A deep, richly illustrated study of the nature and history of propaganda, featuring some of the world’s most insightful critics, Psywar exposes the propaganda system, providing crucial background and insight into the control of information and thought.
Continue researching: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a0s1YBqgIdg [Video]
Feds new confidentiality rules on Arctic project called ‘chilling’ By Margaret Munro, Postmedia News February 13, 2013 – A bid by the federal government to impose sweeping confidentiality rules on an Arctic science project has run into serious resistance in the United States.
“I’m not signing it,” said Andreas Muenchow, of the University of Delaware, who has taken issue with the wording that Canada’s Fisheries and Oceans department has proposed for the Canada-U.S. project.
It’s an affront to academic freedom and a “potential muzzle,” said Muenchow, who has been collaborating with DFO scientists on the project in the Eastern Arctic since 2003.
DFO’s proposed confidentiality provisions say all technology and “other information” related to the Arctic project “shall be deemed to be confidential and neither party may release any such information to others in any way whatsoever without the prior written authorization of the other party.”
If enforced, Muenchow says the fisheries department could prevent researchers from publishing scientific findings, blogging about their project or sharing information on the project with the media and public, which is encouraged by the U.S. agencies co-funding the project. Muenchow and DFO scientists involved in the project travel north by icebreaker to deploy and retrieve instruments to assess oceanographic conditions in the ice-choked Nares Strait, which runs between Canada’s Ellesmere Island and Greenland and may have a significant effect on ocean circulation.
Muenchow’s problem with the DFO comes amid growing concern and controversy over the Harper government’s micro-management of scientific projects.
Researchers are dismayed at “new” publication procedures sent to many federal fisheries scientists two weeks ago and published on-line by anonymous federal researcher.
The procedures say DFO managers will decide when and if studies involving DFO scientists can be published in external scientific journals, which are at the heart of scientific communication.
Postmedia News has learned that the new procedures were emailed to scientists in DFO’s central and Arctic science sector and came down from office of Michelle Wheatley, the region’s director of science.
The Jan. 29 memo said the rules apply to “all” – the all in bold italics – studies involving DFO scientists, who have a long history of collaborating with researchers at universities in Canada and abroad to assess everything from sea ice to contamination levels in wildlife.
The DFO scientists have been told they must now “wait for approval” before submitting their studies for publication in science journals. “The responsible Division Manager will review for any concerns/impacts to DFO policy,” said the procedures that come with a flowchart.
“It’s absolutely unbelievable,” one federal scientist who received the email told Postmedia News Wednesday. The scientist, who asked to remain anonymous, said the rules appear to be “all about control.”
Do financial interests result in positive results in scientific research?
Research: Association between industry affiliation and position on cardiovascular risk with rosiglitazone: A cross-sectional systematic review Public release date: 18-Mar-2010
Contact: Emma Dickinson 44-207-383-6529 BMJ-British Medical Journal
Virtually all (94%) of the scientific authors who provided positive results for the anti-diabetic drug rosiglitazone had financial relationships with pharmaceutical companies, according to research published on bmj.com today.
While the study acknowledges that financial relationships may not necessarily be the reason for positive research results, it concludes that further reform is needed to ensure trust in scientific work.
In 2007, a large scale review of rosiglitazone showed that use of the drug led to a significant increased risk of heart attacks. This in turn led to further studies and commentaries by scientists about the safety of rosiglitazone. Policies were also developed to encourage disclosure of such financial conflicts of interest.
But whether these policies have made any impact on the association between financial conflicts of interest and views expressed in scientific reports is still unknown.
So researchers at the Mayo Clinic in the USA assessed over 200 articles on rosiglitazone to explore a possible link between authors’ financial conflicts of interest and their views on the safety of the drug.
They found that almost half of the study authors (45%) had financial conflicts of interest and almost a quarter of these (23%) did not disclose this information. Three studies included in the latter group published a statement declaring no conflicts of interest.
Almost all (94%) authors who had favourable views on the safety of rosiglitazone were more likely to have a financial conflict of interest with a pharmaceutical company than were authors who had unfavourable views.
The researchers conclude by saying: “Disclosure rates for financial conflicts of interest were unexpectedly low, and there was a clear and strong link between the orientation of authors’ expressed views on the rosiglitazone controversy and their financial conflicts of interest with pharmaceutical companies.”
“These findings, while not necessarily causal, underscore the need for further progress in reporting in order for the scientific record to be trusted,” they add.
Continue researching: http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2010-03/bmj-dfi031810.php
Silent Weapons for Quiet Wars – Today’s silent weapons technology is an outgrowth of a simple idea discovered, succinctly expressed, and effectively applied by the quoted Mr. Mayer Amschel Rothschild, “Give me control over a nation’s currency, and I care not who makes its laws.” Mr. Rothschild discovered the missing passive component of economic theory known as economic inductance. He, of course, did not think of his discovery in these 20th-century terms, and, to be sure, mathematical analysis had to wait for the Second Industrial Revolution, the rise of the theory of mechanics and electronics, and finally, the invention of the electronic computer before it could be effectively applied in the control of the world economy.
Continue researching: http://www.mega.nu:8080/ampp/swfqw.html
The-Kinsey-Syndrome (Full-Length) Uploaded on Feb 6, 2012 – The Kinsey Syndrome is must-viewing for anyone who cares about our rapidly declining culture. The film is central to the curriculum for “Sexual Behavior and the Law” — a class I teach at Liberty University School of Law. As the documentary so masterfully illustrates, there is a pre-Kinsey and a post-Kinsey America. Unfortunately, we live in the latter. All our major elitist institutions: the courts; the media; academia; the entertainment industry and others — have relied upon Kinsey’s wholly discredited research to move America away from adherence to the Judeo-Christian sexual ethic, and toward a secular-humanist, morally relative worldview. The Kinsey Syndrome has helped to expose Alfred Kinsey and his life’s work as pure fraud.” Matt Barber, Associate Dean and Adjunct Law Professor, Liberty University School of Law
“The Bible tells us to expose the fruitless works of darkness. The documentary, The Kinsey Syndrome does just that in painstaking detail. Each chapter of this video documentary addresses a different aspect of the work of the pseudo-scientist Alfred Kinsey whose fraudulent data laid the cancerous foundation for sex education, perversion, pedophilia, pornography, and the corruption of our culture.” Dr. Ted Baehr, MOVIEGUIDE review
The work of Kinsey is currently being promoted by the homosexual community the fact is he believed that children were sexual beings and experimented by sexually abusing them. He went as far as raping babies and yet Hollywood glamorised his work in a film with Liam Neeson. The American government now officially call children sexual beings there are calls to rename pedeophiles “minor attracted” and to give them treatment programmes instead of jail. A recent doctor who was an advisor to the British Government was sacked when he released a report linking pedeophilia with homosexuality. An advisor to the Scottish government who was the head of the LGBT was jailed for raping a baby this caused the government great embarrassment..This is just the beginning it will soon be a hate crime to even suggest there is a link and it will be you facing jail while pedeophiles walk free to stalk children. Yet we sit silent as our children are being fed a sexual agenda by state schools and the media. Research the anti-defamation league they are the authors of all hate crime legislation they openly admit their hatred of Christianity and their wish to destroy the family unit. It is time to look at the facts stand up and speak the truth. Adults can do what they want in their private life it is none of our business but when they start trying to pollute innocent children’s thinking then we must act. I am not saying only homosexuals are pedeophiles that would be a nonsense as there are examples of heterosexual pedeophiles. Only highlighting the facts that a link exists. True Christians should love their enemies and bless those who curse them and have compassion on the lost.
Continue researching: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RVwbVRNwm6s [Video]
“America Betrayed” Chapter 8: BIOLOGICAL ETHNIC WEAPONS: AMERICA TERRORIZES THE U.S. by Rhawn Joseph, Ph.D. at American Buddha Online Library. IG Farben, AIDs, Anthrax, Eugenics – Before America became a nation, the regional powers which governed what would become the United States, used terrorism, mass murder, as well as biological and germ warfare to destroy and spread disease and epidemics among Native Americans. One of the first attacks (1) was initiated by General Jeffrey Amherst, who also lent his name to what became the town and college of Amherst, Massachusetts (2,3,4).
According to Frank Prentice Rand, author of The Village of Amherst: A Landmark of Light, “Amherst” was “the most glamorous military hero in the New World.” However, as detailed in the Atlas of the North American Indian (2), and the Conspiracy of Pontiac and the Indian War after the Conquest of Canada (3) this glamorous military hero authorized the distribution of smallpox-infected blankets and handkerchiefs to be used as germ warfare against American Indians.
In a letter to Colonel Henry Bouquet, commander of British forces, he asked, “Could it not be contrived to send the Small Pox among those disaffected tribes of Indians? We must on this occasion use every stratagem in our power to reduce them.” Bouquet answered back, “I will try to inoculate them with some blankets that may fall into their hands and take care not to get the disease myself.”
As documented in the notebooks of William Trent (5), commander of the local militia of the townspeople of Pittsburgh: on May 24, 1763 “we gave them two Blankets and an Handkerchief out of the Small Pox Hospital. I hope it will have the desired effect.”
A small pox epidemic quickly spread among the men, women, and children belonging to the tribe of Chief Pontiac (3).
General Amherst was so impressed at the effectiveness of germ warfare that in a letter to Colonel Henry Bouquet, dated 16 July 1763, he made biological warfare official American policy and ordered the distribution of small pox infected blankets to “inocculate the Indians” and suggested that Bouquet “try Every other method that can serve to Extirpate this Execrable Race.” In a letter dated 26 July 1763, Bouquet acknowledges Amherst’s letter and confirmed that “all your Directions will be observed” (4).
One hundred years later, the use of germ warfare had also become U.S. policy. Periodically, throughout the 19th century, the U.S. Army distributed contaminated goods and blankets to Native Americans (6,7,8,9), including those already confined to concentration camps (euphemistically referred to as “reservations”). The purpose of these biological attacks was the extermination and mass murder of American Indians. However, the biological agents now included Variola which can be stored in a dried state, as well as cholera and small pox. Again, the method of infection was through the distribution of blankets and other supplies that were to be distributed to the Indians (6,7,8,9).
For example, “in 1847 the small pox, before unknown among them, carried off a large part of the [Cayuse] tribe. The Cayuse, believing that the missionaries were the cause of it, attacked the mission on November 29, 1847, killed Dr. Whitman and thirteen others, and destroyed the mission. As a matter of fact, there seems little question that the infection was brought into the country in supplies intended for the use of the mission” (9).
In the year 1900, the U.S. Army began experimenting with a variety of biological weapons, some of which were used on American and foreign prisoners of war (10,11,12). The victims included five Filipino prisoners who were exposed to different varieties of plague, and 29 prisoners who were purposefully infected with Beriberi. In 1915, government agents began experimenting with toxins that would attack and destroy the brain and central nervous system. Twelve Americans held in a Mississippi prison were exposed to pellagra.
Widespread development and testing of chemical and biological weapons ensued in America, Britain, and Germany (10,11,12,13,14). But, in the U.S. some of the first victims were again Americans, including thousands of U.S. soldiers who were exposed to Lewisite, phosgene, and chlorine bombs (10,11). The tests were so successful, and so many soldiers sickened or died, that between 1916 and 1918 U.S. and British forces used 125,000 tons of phosgene, mustard gas and chlorine artillery shells against Germans soldiers causing an estimated 400,000 casualties.
The British and the U.S. were particularly fond of phosgene which has a lethal concentration 1/18th that of chlorine, and which causes a rather horrible death. Initially soldiers who inhaled phosgene would maybe cough a few times, and then go on fighting. However, over the next 48 hours the linings of their lungs would break down and they would drown and choke to death on their own blood and fluids. In June 1916, during the battle of the Somme, allied forces used a combination of phosgene and chlorine gas along a 17 mile front which then blew another 12 miles behind German lines, killing everyone and everything (11,12,13).
Mustard gas was also a favorite. Initially, mustard gas causes only a slight irritation to eyes and throat, which then becomes worse and then excruciating. Mustard gas is a blistering agent, and causes hemorrhages and blisters on the skin as well as within the lungs and eyes. Men would be blinded and huge patches of skin would fall from their body (12,13).
Periodically, throughout the 1920s and 1930s, the U.S. Army deployed mustard gas against the men, women, and children of the Philippines and Puerto Rico who were protesting U.S. colonialism (15).
Mustard gas was not the only biological weapon employed. In 1931, Dr. Cornelius Rhoads, a government agent under contract with the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Investigations, began infecting men, women and children with cancer cells. Later, as head of the U.S. Army Biological Weapons division, and a member of the Atomic Energy Commission, Rhoads directed secret radiation experiments which were conducted on thousands of unsuspecting U.S. citizens. In letters to the Department of Defense Rhoads openly advocated the “eradication” of dissidents with “germ bombs.” With regard to the people of Puerto Rico, Dr. Rhoads wrote: “What the island needs is not public health work, but a tidal wave or something to totally exterminate the population.” Dr. Rhoads is alleged to have injected hundreds of Puerto Ricans with cancer (15).
Cornelius Rhoads later became a founder and first director of the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Institute, which specializes in research on cancer.
As we shall see, Dr. Rhoads is not the only doctor associated with the Rockefeller Institute who advocated mass murder and who purposefully injected non-White races to deadly infections.
Last chance to protest before the EU snuffs out thorium energy in Europe By Ambrose Evans-Pritchard Energy Last updated: January 9th, 2013 – Just as China, Japan, India, Russia, Norway, and the US Academy of Sciences hone in on the tantalising prospect of safe, clean, and ultimately cheap energy from thorium nuclear reactors, the Europeans seem to be going in the opposite direction.
I return to the thorium theme so soon after my column on Monday because a great number of readers share my enthusiasm for the mineral, an optimal way to restore public trust in nuclear power after the Fukushima disaster.
Today is the final chance to submit opinions for the 2013 agenda of Europe’s nuclear strategy body.
The draft text ignores thorium almost entirely. This constitutes an immediate threat to thorium research in Europe.
The Missing Secrets of Nikola Tesla Published on Mar 13, 2012
A short documentary film about the life and work of Nikola Tesla.
Continue researching: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BaB_Yx7hpJs [Video]
Nikola Tesla – The Untold Story Uploaded on Dec 8, 2010
This program reveals the discoveries of a forgotten genius, many of which went virtually unnoticed for nearly a century. Nikola Tesla is considered the father of our modern technological age and one of the most mysterious and controversial scientists in history. How did this obscure visionary from what is now Croatia, lay the foundation for modern communications and energy research?
Nikola Tesla’s contributions to science and technology include the invention of radio, television, radio-astronomy, remote control and robotics, radar, medical x-ray and the wireless transmission of electricity. Many of Nikola Tesla’s inventions were and in some cases still are considered too revolutionary by government agencies and the power brokers of the time and are discussed in detail in this program.
Encyclopedia Britannica lists Nikola Tesla as one of the top ten most fascinating people in history. So why is he virtually unknown to the general public? This program is a penetrating study of the life and mind of a scientific superman who, against all odds, dedicated his life to the task of designing and improving technology for the service and advancement of humanity.
Nikola Tesla: The Genius Who Lit The World – NOW on DVD – Cat# K375 – Go to http://www.UFOTV.com.
Continue researching: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eoY_7mbm5ng [Video]
Ford’s Hemp powered Hemp made Car – Industrial Hemp can be used to produce many unexpected products. Most people know it is the sustainable alternative to cotton, but very few know it can also be used as building material or to make plastics out of. Henry Ford’s hemp car is a great example of the many ways in which Hemp could be used as a sustainable alternative to petrochemical plastics.
Continue researching: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RxMI63XhQUU
The Hemp Revolution Uploaded on Feb 20, 2011 – This documentary covers a whole lot of ground. It deals with every historical and contemporary aspect of hemp usage and cultivation (mainly in the U.S.), which turns out to be a lot. From describing the production of a fibre much more durable and economic than wood, the documentary discusses hemps multilateral uses as e.g. food products, as a non-polluting fuel and as a pharmaceutical product with much less griveous sideeffects than chemical pharmaceutical products. The film also investigates why America went from a country which produced vast quantities of the non-narcotic industrial hemp, to the complete ban on hemp production in 1938. This story in particular is interesting, and it points out that the large oilbased industries actually had a key role in the aforementioned ban. Food for thought! The conclusion of the documentary could be that hemp may prove to be a valid alternative to both oil and wood in the future.
Continue researching: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mA4v_XBEk6A [Video]
Hemp – The Environmentally Sustainable Alternative (Part 1) Uploaded on Feb 14, 2008 – Hemp History 101
Continue researching: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vxd64t6H3_4 [Video]
Hemp for the industry Uploaded on Jan 27, 2010 – Hemp is one of the most versatile plants to be grown by man. Some products made from the fibre include: all grades of paper, textiles, geo-textiles, structural reinforcement building materials, fibreglass replacement products, lightweight sandwich boards, composite boards, absorbency products such as kitty litter, potting mix, nappies and feminine-care products, and fuel.
Hemp seed whole, hulled or crushed for oil are used in food products such as muesli bars, cakes, breads, biscuits, butter paste, non-dairy milk, tofu, cheese and ice cream. The seed oil is a superior cosmetic oil and both the essential and cold pressed oils are used in many cosmetics (such as shampoo, soaps and moisturisers). The cold pressed seed oil has nutritional qualities similar to evening primrose oil, cod liver oil, flaxseed oil and soybean supplements.
Viable fibre alternatives are needed as world population and fibre consumption increases. While the use of wood, cotton and synthetic products is being discouraged due to environmental concerns, the gap between fibre supply and demand will inevitably increase.
Facts About Hemp
- Until 1883, more than three quarters of the world’s paper was made from Hemp fibre;
- In Elizabethan times, farmers were fined for not growing Hemp;
- A Hemp crop produces nearly four times as much raw fibre as an equivalent-sized tree plantation;
- Trees take approximately 20 years to mature. Hemp takes 4 months;
- Hemp fibre needs no pesticides;
- Hemp needs no herbicides because it grows too quickly for any weed to compete;
- Hemp paper does not need chlorine bleach, which pollutes rivers near wood-pulp paper mills;
- Hemp paper is stronger, finer and longer-lasting than wood-based papers;
- Hemp paper is used for bank notes and archival papers;
- The earliest-known woven fabric was apparently of Hemp, which began to be worked approximately 8,000-7,000 BC;
- For more than a thousand years before the time of Christ until 1883 AD, Cannabis/Hemp was our planet’s largest agricultural crop and most important industry for thousands of products and enterprises, producing the overall majority of the earth’s fibre, fabric, lighting oil, paper, incense and medicines, as well as being a primary source of protein for humans and animals alike;
- The war between America and Great Britain in 1812 was mainly about access to Russian Hemp;
- Napoleon’s principle reason for tragically invading Russia in 1812 was also due to Russian Hemp supplies!
- The word ‘linen’, until the early 1800s meant any fine fabrics made from Hemp or flax;
- Cannabis oil was mentioned by name in the Bible. Apparently, etymologists at Hebrew University, Jerusalem, confirmed that ‘kineboisin’ (also spelled ‘kannabosm”) referred to cannabis used in a holy ointment. N.B. King James mistranslated the word as ‘calamus’ in his version;
- Hempseed oil is said to burn the brightest of all lamp oils, and has been used since the days of Abraham. Scythians used to purify and cleanse themselves with Hemp oil, which made their skin “shining and clean”;
- Our forests, what is left of them, are being cut down 3 times as fast as they can grow.;
- Japan is targeting that 10% of paper must be from non-wood fibres by 2005;
- Further, hemp fibre has been found to be a lighter, stronger alternative to fibreglass;
- Hemp offers a valuable and sustainable fuel of the future, “growing oil wells”. Hemp has an output equivalent to around 1000 gallons of methanol per acre year (10 tons Biomass/acre, each yielding 100 gal. methanol/ton). Methanol used today is mainly made from natural gas, a fossil fuel. Methanol is currently being studied as a primary fuel for automobiles.
- Henry Ford dreamed that someday automobiles would be grown from the soil. The Ford motor company, after years of research produced an automobile with a plastic body. Its tough body used a mixture of 70% cellulose fibres from Hemp. The plastic withstood blows 10 times as great as steel could without denting! Its weight was also 2/3 that of a regular car, producing better economy. Henry Ford was forced to use petroleum due to Hemp prohibition. His plans to fuel his fleet of automotive vehicles with plant-power also failed due to Alcohol prohibition;
- Hemp grain does not contain the anti-nutrient trypsin inhibitors as found in soy milk.;
Hanf in German, Canamo in Spanish, Chanvre in French, Konoplya in Russian, Kender in Hungarian, Tal Ma in Chinese, Hemp is fully international!
Continue researching: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kybQTtnJjQA [Video]
Enemies of Yesterday, Friends of Today. Partnership between NATO and the Neo-Mujahideen by Mohamed Tamalt on 05-12-2012 – A presentation given on the 29th of November 2012 in the Swedish National Defence College.
Continue researching: http://www.brussellstribunal.org/article_view.asp?id=642
The Oil Factor: Behind the War on Terror Uploaded on Oct 26, 2011 – Narrated by Ed Asner. Keywords: Persian Gulf War, United Nations, U.N., in violation of international law, bombings, illegal, marc garlasco, weaponry, iraqi leadership, mohamed assan, president george w. bush, administration, andrew shlapak, karen kwiatkowski, saddam hussein, zbigniew brzezinski, weapons of mass destruction, wmd, pnac, project for the new american century, vice president dick cheney, donald rumsfeld, paul wolfowitz, jeb bush, new world order, nwo, neocons, neo-cons, gary schmitt, randa habib, ahmed chalabi, george tenet, john negroponte, cia, covert operations, energy supplies, mike, michael c. ruppert, oil consumption, supply, demand, economy, economics, pierre-marie gallois, supplies, nepdg, noam chomsky, david mulholland, pipelines, price of oil, dathar al kahar, refinery, refineries, fields, drilling, radioactive, radioactivity, du, depleted uranium, uranium 238, 234, 235, toxicity, cancers, birth defects, contamination, paul bremer, dyncorp, halliburton, national security council, nsc, bechtel, guantanamo bay, defense contractors, kellogg, brown & root, detention concentration camps, elizabeth hodgkin, abu ghraib, governments covered up, osama bin laden, taliban, al qaeda, natural gas, ahmed rashid, mullah omar, enemy combatants, geneva convention, hamed karzai, opium poppies, heroin, anti coalition forces, resources, terrorism. watch more Documentaries http://theclickspot.blogspot.com
Continue researching: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QGakDrosLuA [Video]
Public Intelligence archive for Afghanistan –
Afghanistan: War Without End? Uploaded on Jul 30, 2011
BBC documentary about British and US forces in Afghanistan.
Continue researching: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ljZR_TUlgoU
“The First Anglo–Afghan War” Craig Baxter In Federal Research Division, Library of Congress. Afghanistan: A Country Study. Baton Rouge, LA: Claitor’s Pub. Division. ISBN 1-57980-744-5.
Section 1 of 1
The First Anglo-Afghan War
To justify his plan, Auckland issued the Simla Manifesto in October 1838, setting forth the necessary reasons for British intervention in Afghanistan. The manifesto stated that in order to insure the welfare of India, the British must have a trustworthy ally on India’s western frontier. The British pretense that their troops were merely supporting Shuja’s small army in retaking what was once his throne fooled no one. Although the Simla Manifesto stated that British troops would be withdrawn as soon as Shuja was installed in Kabul, Shuja’s rule depended entirely on British arms to suppress rebellion and on British funds to buy the support of tribal chiefs. The British denied that they were invading Afghanistan, instead claiming they were merely supporting its legitimate Shuja government “against foreign interference and factious opposition.”
From the British point of view, the First Anglo-Afghan War (1838-42) (often called “Auckland’s Folly”) was an unmitigated disaster, despite the ease with which Dost Mohammad was deposed and Shuja enthroned. An army of British and Indian troops set out from the Punjab in December 1838 and reached Quetta by late March 1839. A month later, the British took Qandahar without a battle. In July, after a two-month delay in Qandahar, the British attacked the fortress of Ghazni, overlooking a plain leading to India, and achieved a decisive victory over Dost Mohammad’s troops led by one of his sons. Dost Mohammad fled with his loyal followers across the passes to Bamian, and ultimately to Bukhara. In August 1839, after almost thirty years, Shuja was again enthroned in Kabul. Some British troops returned to India, but it soon became clear that Shuja’s rule could only be maintained with the presence of British forces. After he unsuccessfully attacked the British and their Afghan protégé, Dost Mohammad surrendered to them and was exiled in India in late 1840.
By October 1841, however, disaffected Afghan tribes were flocking to support Dost Mohammad’s son, Mohammad Akbar, in Bamian. On January 1, 1842, their presence no longer wanted, an agreement was reached that provided for the safe exodus of the British garrison and its dependents from Afghanistan. Five days later, the retreat began, and as they struggled through the snowbound passes, the British were attacked by Ghilzai warriors. Although Dr. W. Brydon is frequently mentioned as the only survivor of the march to Jalalabad–out of a column of more than 16,000 (consisting of about 4,500 military personnel, both British and Indian, along with as many as 12,000 camp followers) who undertook the retreat–a few more survived as prisoners and hostages. His British protectors gone, Shuja remained in power only a few months before being assassinated in April 1842.
The complete destruction of the garrison prompted brutal retaliation by the British against the Afghans and touched off yet another power struggle for dominance of Afghanistan. In the fall of 1842, British forces from Qandahar and Peshawar entered Kabul just long enough to rescue the few British prisoners and burn the Great Bazaar. Although the foreign invasion provided the Afghan tribes with a temporary sense of unity they had previously lacked, the loss of life and property was followed by a bitter resentment of foreign influence.
The Russians advanced steadily southward toward Afghanistan in the three decades after the First Anglo-Afghan War. In 1842 the Russian border was on the other side of the Aral Sea from Afghanistan, but five short years later the tsar’s outposts had moved to the lower reaches of the Amu Darya. By 1865 Tashkent had been formally annexed, as was Samarkand three years later. A peace treaty in 1868 with Amir Muzaffar al-Din, the ruler of Bukhara, virtually stripped him of his independence. Russian control now extended as far as the northern bank of the Amu Darya.
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AFFAIRS IN THE EAST By HL Deb Published 19 March 1839 vol 46 cc865-71 – The Earl of Aberdeen had stated yesterday, that he would move for the production of papers which were indispensably necessary for understanding our relations in the East. There were two parts of this question as distinct as peace and war could make them; the one related to Persia, and the other to the countries of Affghanistan. With respect to Persia, he did not intend to say a syllable; he would make no speech, and he asked for no papers…With respect to the other part, the affairs of Affghanistan, the question was very different, for we were at war there, and had been since the month of October; and it did not seem to be very unreasonable that their Lordships should know what we were fighting about, and the causes that had brought us into this condition…
Bush sanctions ‘black ops’ against Iran May 27, 2007 – President George W Bush has given the CIA approval to launch covert “black” operations to achieve regime change in Iran, intelligence sources have revealed.Mr Bush has signed an official document endorsing CIA plans for a propaganda and disinformation campaign intended to destabilise, and eventually topple, the theocratic rule of the mullahs.Under the plan, pressure will be brought to bear on the Iranian economy by manipulating the country’s currency and international financial transactions.Details have also emerged of a covert scheme to sabotage the Iranian nuclear programme, which United Nations nuclear watchdogs said last week could lead to a bomb within three years.
Bush Authorizes New Covert Action Against Iran May 22, 2007 – The CIA has received secret presidential approval to mount a covert “black” operation to destabilize the Iranian government, current and former officials in the intelligence community tell the Blotter on ABCNews.com. The sources, who spoke on the condition of anonymity because of the sensitive nature of the subject, say President Bush has signed a “nonlethal presidential finding” that puts into motion a CIA plan that reportedly includes a coordinated campaign of propaganda, disinformation and manipulation of Iran’s currency and international financial transactions.
Continue researching: http://abcnews.go.com/blogs/headlines/2007/05/bush_authorizes/
The Iraq Coup of 1941, The Mufti and the Farhud – Prologue – The Iraq coup of 1941 is little studied, but very interesting. It is a dramatic illustration of the potential for the Palestine issue to destabilize the Middle East, as well a “close save” in the somewhat neglected theater of the Middle East, which was understood by Churchill to have so much potential for disaster .
Iraq had been governed under a British supported regency, since the death of King Feysal in September 1933. Baqr Sidqi, a popular general, staged a coup in October 1936, but was himself assassinated in 1937. In December of 1938, another coup was launched by a group of power brokers known as “The Seven.” Nuri al-Sa’id was named Prime Minister.
The German Consul in Baghdad, Grobba, was apparently already active before the outbreak of World War II in September 1939, soliciting support for Germany and exploiting unrest. . Though the Germans were not particularly serious about aiding a revolt perhaps, they would not be unhappy if it occurred.
In March of 1940 , the “The Seven” forced Nuri al-Sa’id out of office. Rashid Ali Al Keilani was made Prime Minister. However, in February of 1941, Raschid was forced to resign in favor of Taha Pasha al Hashimi. Raschid Ali and a group of officers plotted to eliminate the British supported monarchy and the regent, Abd-ul Ilah as well as Taha Pasha.
The Mufti – Apparently the coup was in great part the initiative of the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem, Haj Amin El Husseini. Husseini had fled the wrath of the British in Palestine, where he was wanted for his central role in the Palestinian “Arab Revolt.” The Mufti had visited the German Consul General, Dohle, in Palestine on July 21, 1937, and is thought to have been in the pay of the Germans since that time. He is reputed to have met Adolf Eichmann in Palestine, when Eichmann had traveled there (in September or October of 1937) with another SS officer, Herbert Hagen, to investigate the possibility of deporting German Jews to Palestine. Based on war crimes testimony and the Eichmann trial transcripts, it appears that Eichmann and the Mufti later enjoyed a close relationship.
Continue researching: http://www.mideastweb.org/iraqaxiscoup.htm
Public Intelligence archive for Iraq –
Continue researching: http://publicintelligence.net/category/documents/iraq-documents/
TOP SECRET POLO STEP – Iraq War Plan Assumed Only 5,000 U.S. Troops Still There by December 2006 – CentCom PowerPoint Slides Briefed to White House and Rumsfeld in 2002, Obtained by National Security Archive through Freedom of Information Act
PowerPoints Reflect Internal Debates Over Size and Timing of Invasion Force
National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 214
Edited by Joyce Battle and Thomas Blanton
Editorial Assistance by Malcolm Byrne, John Prados, and Justin Snyder
For more information contact: Thomas Blanton/Joyce Battle – 202/994-7000
Continue researching: http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB214/index.htm
The conversation: Did the Iraq dossier damage democracy? Oliver Laughland The Guardian, Friday 7 September 2012 21.00 BST – It’s 10 years since the ‘September dossier’ built the case for war against Iraq. Two key players, Charles Falconer and Menzies Campbell, discuss its long-term impact.
This month sees the 10th anniversary of the September dossier, which formed the backbone of the case for the Iraq war. Sir Menzies Campbell was one of the few prominent politicians at the time to argue against intervention, while Lord Falconer, who was in the cabinet, became a supporter. So how do they reflect on the events of 10 years ago? Oliver Laughland chairs.
Continue researching: http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2012/sep/07/did-iraq-dossier-damage-democracy
Iraq For Sale – Full Movie Uploaded on Dec 30, 2010
http://www.trueworldhistory.info | A documentary on the privatisation of the Iraq war and the problems such policies have led to not least of all the creation of the militrary industrial complex. Documentary, War, Iraq, US, USA, America, Politics, Private Contracts, Contractors
Continue researching: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0Zt9BZD7mlc [Video]
Uncovered: The Whole Truth about the Iraq war Uploaded on Mar 27, 2008
The War on Iraq, filmmaker Robert Greenwald chronicles the Bush Administration’s determined quest to invade Iraq following the events of September 11, 2001. The film deconstructs the administration’s case for war through interviews with U.S intelligence and defense officials, foreign service experts, and U.N. weapons inspectors — including a former CIA director, a former ambassador to Saudi Arabia and even President Bush’s Secretary of the Army. Their analyses and conclusions are sobering, and often disturbing, regardless of one’s political affiliations.
Continue researching: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yowqX2ngHl4 [Video]
IRAQ – GENERAL CONTEXT – RESISTANCE brussellstribunal.org – http://www.brussellstribunal.org/topics.asp?topic=IRAQ-GENERAL_CONTEXT-RESISTANCE
U.S. to Step Up Drone Strikes Inside Yemen By ERIC SCHMITT Published: April 25, 2012 – WASHINGTON — The White House has given the Central Intelligence Agency and the Pentagon broader authority to carry out drone strikes in Yemen against terrorists who imperil the United States, reflecting rising concerns about the country as a safe haven for Al Qaeda, a senior administration official said Wednesday night.
The policy shift, approved this month, allows the C.I.A. and the military’s Joint Special Operations Command to strike militants in Yemen who may be plotting attacks against the United States, but whose identities might not be completely known, an authority that already exists in Pakistan, the official said.
Previously, the United States focused on a list of known leaders of the Qaeda affiliate in Yemen, which many American officials now says poses a bigger immediate threat to the United States than do militants in Pakistan.
“This broadens the aperture slightly” for the C.I.A. and the military command, the official said, noting that any targets must be approved by the White House and top administration officials before the strikes can take place.
The gradual expansion of the drone program in Yemen illustrates a spirited debate within the administration between the C.I.A. and some military counterterrorism officers who want to attack Qaeda fighters and commanders aggressively in Yemen, and some diplomats and other government officials who are wary that increasing the drone strikes could drag the United States into another regional conflict in the Middle East.
The new policy does not permit strikes against groups of low-level fighters or weapons depots — so-called “signature strikes” — because of the administration’s concern about civilian casualties, the official said.
The shift in authority was reported by The Wall Street Journal on its Web site on Wednesday night.
Who is held to account for deaths by drone in Yemen? Chris Woods guardian.co.uk, Thursday 6 September 2012 12.28 BST – There is a history of Yemeni officials lying to protect the US, and the Pentagon and CIA greeting queries with obfuscation.
When news flashed of an air strike on a vehicle in the Yemeni city of Radaa on Sunday afternoon, early claims that al-Qaida militants had died soon gave way to a more grisly reality.
At least 10 civilians had been killed, among them women and children. It was the worst loss of civilian life in Yemen’s brutal internal war since May 2012. Somebody had messed up badly. But was the United States or Yemen responsible?
Local officials and eyewitnesses were clear enough. The Radaa attack was the work of a US drone – a common enough event. Since May 2011, the Bureau of Investigative Journalism has recorded up to 116 US drone strikes in Yemen, part of a broader covert war aimed at crushing Islamist militants. But of those attacks, only 39 have been confirmed by officials as the work of the US.
The attribution of dozens of further possible drone attacks – and others reportedly involving US ships and conventional aircraft – remains unclear. Both the CIA and Pentagon are fighting dirty wars in Yemen, each with a separate arsenal and kill list. Little wonder that hundreds of deaths remain in a limbo of accountability.
With anger rising at the death of civilians in Radaa, Yemen’s government stepped forward to take the blame. It claimed that its own air force had carried out the strike on moving vehicles after receiving “faulty intelligence“. Yet the Yemeni air force is barely fit for purpose.
And why believe the Yemeni defence ministry anyway? Just 48 hours earlier it had made similar claims. But when it emerged that alleged al-Qaida bomber Khaled Musalem Batis had died in a strike, anonymous officials soon admitted that a US drone had carried out that killing.
There is a long history of senior Yemeni officials lying to protect Barack Obama’s secret war on terror. When US cruise missiles decimated a tented village in December 2009, at least 41 civilians were butchered alongside a dozen alleged militants, as a parliamentary report later concluded.
As we now know, thanks to WikiLeaks, the US and Yemen sought to cover up the US role in that attack. We’ll continue saying the bombs are ours, not yours,” President Saleh informed US Central Command (Centcom)’s General Petraeus.
Continue researching: http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2012/sep/06/drone-deaths-yemen
Kissinger Blocked Demarche on International Assassinations to Condor States: Overruled Aides who Wanted to “Head Off” a “Series of International Murders” Edited by Peter Kornbluh Posted – April 10, 2010 – Only five days before a car-bomb planted by agents of the Pinochet regime rocked downtown Washington D.C. on September 21, 1976, Secretary of State Henry Kissinger rescinded orders sent to U.S. ambassadors in the Southern Cone to warn military leaders there against orchestrating “a series of international murders,” declassified documents obtained and posted by the National Security Archive revealed today.
National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 312
Continue researching: http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB312/index.htm
The Condor Years in the Press and on Radio – By John Dinges, The Condor Years: How Pinochet and His Allies Brought Terrorism to Three Continents (The New Press 2004/2005). http://www.johndinges.com/condor/press.html
The Pinochet File: Nixon on Chile Intervention February 3, 2004 – White House tape acknowledges instructions to block Salvador Allende.
KISSINGER SECRETLY LOBBIED PRESIDENT AGAINST “DRIFT TOWARD MODUS VIVENDI” WITH ELECTED SOCIALIST PRESIDENT
DECLASSIFIED KISSINGER TRANSCRIPTS REVEAL STRONG SUPPORT FOR PINOCHET FOLLOWING CHILEAN COUP
WASHINGTON D.C. – President Richard Nixon acknowledged that he had given instructions to “do anything short of a Dominican-type action” to keep the democratically elected president of Chile from assuming office, according to a White House audio tape posted by the National Security Archive today. A phone conversation captured by his secret Oval Office taping system reveals Nixon telling his press secretary, Ron Zeigler, that he had given such instructions to then U.S. Ambassador Edward Korry, “but he just failed, the son of a bitch…. He should have kept Allende from getting in.”
A transcript of the president’s comments on March 23, 1972, made after the leak of corporate papers revealing collaboration between ITT and the CIA to rollback the election of socialist leader Salvador Allende, was recently published in the National Security Archive book, The Pinochet File: A Declassified Dossier on Atrocity and Accountability by Peter Kornbluh; the tape marks the first time Nixon can be heard discussing his orders to undermine Chilean democracy. The conversation took place as Zeigler briefed the President on a State Department press conference to contain the growing ITT/CIA scandal which included one ITT document stating that Korry had been “given the green light to move in the name of President Nixon…to do all possible short of a Dominican Republic-type action to keep Allende from taking power.” Other declassified records show that Nixon secretly ordered maximum CIA covert operations to “prevent Allende from coming to power or unseat him” in the fall of 1970 but that Ambassador Korry was deliberately not informed of covert efforts to instigate a military coup.
When the White House-ordered covert operations failed to prevent Allende’s November 3, 1970, inauguration, Nixon’s national security advisor, Henry Kissinger, lobbied vigorously for a hard-line U.S. policy “to prevent [Allende] from consolidating himself now when we know he is weaker than he will ever be and when he obviously fears our pressure and hostility,” according to a previously unknown eight-page briefing paper prepared for the President on November 5, 1970. In the secret/sensitive “memorandum for the president” Kissinger claimed that Allende’s election posed “one of the most serious challenges ever faced in the hemisphere” and that Nixon’s “decision as to what to do about it may be the most historic and difficult foreign affairs decision you will have to make this year.” The memorandum reveals that Kissinger forcefully pressed the President to overrule the State Department’s position that there was little Washington could do to oppose the legitimately elected president of Chile and that the risks for U.S. interests of intervening to oppose him were greater than coexisting with him. “If all concerned do not understand that you want Allende opposed as strongly as we can, the result will be a steady drift toward the modus vivendi approach,” Kissinger informed Nixon.
Kissinger personally requested an hour to brief Nixon on November 5 in preparation for a National Security Council meeting to discuss Chile strategy the next day. The briefing paper records his threat perception of an Allende government as a model for other countries. As Kissinger informed the president: “The example of a successful elected Marxist government in Chile would surely have an impact on-an even precedent value for-other parts of the world, especially in Italy; the imitative spread of similar phenomena elsewhere would in turn significantly affect the world balance and our own position in it.” According to a transcript of the NSC meeting published in The Pinochet File, Nixon told his aides the next day that “our main concern is the prospect that [Allende] can consolidate himself and the picture projected to the world will be his success.”
“This document is the Rosetta stone for deciphering the motivations of Kissinger and Nixon in undermining Chilean democracy,” according to Peter Kornbluh who directs the Archive’s Chile Documentation Project. “It reinforces the judgement of history on Kissinger’s role as the primary advocate of overthrowing the Allende government.”
The Archive also posted today a series of declassified transcripts of Kissinger’s staff meetings after he became Secretary of State. The transcripts, dated from the days following the coup that brought General Augusto Pinochet to power through the first several years of his regime’s repression in Chile, record Kissinger’s attitude toward human rights atrocities and mounting Congressional pressure to curtail U.S. economic and military assistance the military regime. They are quoted at length in Kornbluh’s book, The Pinochet File, and recently cited in the New York Times Week in Review section (December 28, 2003).
National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 110
February 3 , 2004
For further information Contact
Peter Kornbluh 202 994 7116
Continue researching: http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB110/index.htm
Brazil Conspired with U.S. to Overthrow Allende Posted – August 16, 2009 – Declassified U.S. Documents Show Richard Nixon and Brazilian President Emilio Médici Discussed Coordinated Intervention in Chile, Cuba, and other Latin American nations “to prevent new Allendes and Castros”
Secret Back Channel established between Presidents
Brazilian General Accused U.S. of Asking Brazil to “do its dirty work”
Washington, D.C., August 16, 2009 – In December 1971, President Richard Nixon and Brazilian President Emilio Garrastazú Médici discussed Brazil’s role in efforts to overthrow the elected government of Salvador Allende in Chile, formerly Top Secret records posted by the National Security Archive today reveal. According to a declassified memorandum of conversation, Nixon asked Médici whether the Chilean military was capable of overthrowing Allende. “He felt that they were…,” Médici replied, “and made clear that Brazil was working toward this end.”
The Top Secret “memcon” of the December 9, 1971, Oval Office meeting indicates that Nixon offered his approval and support for Brazil’s intervention in Chile. “The President said that it was very important that Brazil and the United States work closely in this field. We could not take direction but if the Brazilians felt that there was something we could do to be helpful in this area, he would like President Médici to let him know. If money were required or other discreet aid, we might be able to make it available. This should be held in the greatest confidence.”
The U.S. and Brazil, Nixon told Médici, “must try and prevent new Allendes and Castros and try where possible to reverse these trends.”
During the same meeting, President Médici asked Nixon if “we” should be supporting Cuban exiles who “had forces and could overthrow Castro’s regime.” Nixon responded that “we should, as long as we did not push them into doing something that we could not support, and as long as our hand did not appear.” The two also participated in a discussion of the potential to undermine the populist Peruvian President General Velasco Alvarado by publicizing the allegation that he had a lovechild with a mistress—she was a former “Miss Peru”—in Paris, according to General Vernon Walters who also attended the Médici/Nixon meeting.
The documents were declassified in July as part of the State Department’s Foreign Relations of the United States (FRUS) series.
National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 282
Continue researching: http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB282/index.htm
Top Secret CIA ‘Official History’ of the Bay of Pigs: Revelations: ‘Friendly Fire’ Reported as CIA Personnel Shot at Own Aircraft. New Revelations on Assassination Plots, Use of Americans in Combat By Peter Kornbluh Posted – August 15, 2011 – National Security Archive FOIA Lawsuit Obtains Release of Last Major Internal Agency Compilation on Paramilitary Invasion of Cuba
Newsweek runs article by Historian Robert Dallek based on Archive work
Archive Cuba Project posts Four Volumes; calls for declassification of still secret Volume 5
National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 355
For more information contact: Peter Kornbluh – 202/374-7281 or by email
Continue researching: http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB355/index.htm
CIA SUED FOR ‘HOLDING HISTORY HOSTAGE’ ON BAY OF PIGS INVASION By Peter Kornbluh Posted – April 14, 2011 National Security Archive files FOIA lawsuit to Force Release of “Official History of the Bay of Pigs Operation” on 50th Anniversary.
National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 341
For more information contact: Peter Kornbluh – 202/374-7281
Continue researching: http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB341/index.htm
CUBA and the U.S: Road Map on Efforts to Improve Relations Revealed in Declassified Documents Posted – January 22, 2009 – Archive Posts Documents used in new Cigar Aficionado Article: “Talking To Fidel” Secret Kissinger Era reports on Ending “Perpetual Antagonism” may hold Lessons for Obama Administration
Washington, D.C., January 22, 2009 – In March 1975, a top aide to Secretary of State Henry Kissinger drafted a secret/nodis report titled “Normalizing Relations with Cuba” that recommended moving quickly to restore diplomatic ties with Havana. “Our interest is in getting the Cuba issue behind us, not in prolonging it indefinitely,” states the memorandum, which was written as the Ford administration engaged in secret diplomacy with Castro officials to lessen hostilities. “If there is a benefit to us in an end to the state of ‘perpetual antagonism,'” the report to Kissinger noted, “it lies in getting Cuba off the domestic and inter-American agendas—in extracting the symbolism from an intrinsically trivial issue.”
The Kissinger document is one of several declassified records posted today and cited in a new article, “Talking to Fidel,” published in the February issue of Cigar Aficionado now available in newsstands. Written by Archive Cuba analyst Peter Kornbluh and William LeoGrande, Dean of the School of Public Affairs at American University, the article traces the secret, back-channel efforts by Kennedy, Kissinger, Carter and Clinton to improve and even attempt to normalize relations with the Castro regime. “The historical record,” the authors write, “contains important lessons [for President Obama] on how an effective effort at direct diplomacy might end, once and for all, the perpetual hostility in U.S.-Cuban relations.”
The article also quotes former President Jimmy Carter as stating that he should have followed through on his initial efforts to normalize relations with Cuba. “I think in retrospect, knowing what I know since I left the White House,” Carter told the authors in an interview, “I should have gone ahead and been more flexible in dealing with Cuba and establishing full diplomatic relations.”
The Kissinger documents, posted for the first time on the Web, along with other documentation from the Kennedy and Carter administrations, were obtained by the Archive’s Cuba documentation project as part of a major research project on secret dialogue and negotiations between Havana and Washington over the past fifty years. The article in Cigar Aficionado is adapted from a forthcoming book by Kornbluh and LeoGrande, Talking with Fidel: The Untold History of Dialogue between the United States and Cuba.
“History shows that presidents from Kennedy to Clinton considered dialogue both possible and preferable to continued hostility and aggression in U.S. policy toward Cuba,” Kornbluh noted. “This rich declassified record of the past provides a road map for the new administration to follow in the future.”
National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 269
Continue researching: http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB269/index.htm
The Experiments in Guatemala Published: October 7, 2010 New York Times – A medical historian’s discovery that American researchers in the 1940s deliberately infected hundreds of people in Guatemala with syphilis or gonorrhea has provoked outrage in both countries.
The experiments were brought to light by Susan Reverby, a professor at Wellesley College, who found unpublished records in the archives at the University of Pittsburgh. The studies were led by Dr. John C. Cutler, an internationally known expert on sexually transmitted diseases and a former assistant surgeon general.
From 1946 to 1948,American public health doctors under his command infected nearly 700 Guatemalans — prisoners, mental patients and soldiers — without their permission or knowledge. Anyone who became infected was given penicillin and presumed to be cured, although records suggest that many were not adequately treated.
The aim of the research was to test whether penicillin could prevent the transmission of syphilis, whether better blood tests for the disease could be developed, and what dosages could cure syphilis. That cannot justify experimenting on human beings without their consent.
Continue researching: http://www.nytimes.com/2010/10/08/opinion/08fri3.html
U.S. scientists knew 1940s Guatemalan STD studies were unethical, panel finds By Rob Stein – 2011/08/26 – The Washington Post – U.S. government researchers who purposely infected unwitting subjects with sexually transmitted diseases in Guatemala in the 1940s had obtained consent a few years earlier before conducting similar experiments in Indiana, investigators reported Monday.
The stark contrast between how the U.S. Public Health Service scientists experimented with Americans and Guatemalans clearly shows that researchers knew their conduct was unethical, according to members of the Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues, which is investigating the experiments.
“These researchers knew these were unethical experiments, and they conducted them anyway,” said Raju Kucherlapati of Harvard Medical School, a commission member. “That is what is reprehensible.”
At least 5,500 prisoners, mental patients, soldiers and children were drafted into the experiments, including at least 1,300 who were exposed to the sexually transmitted diseases syphilis, gonorrhea and chancroid, the commission reported. At least 83 subjects died, although the commission could not determine how many of the deaths were directly caused by the experiments, they said.
“This is a dark chapter in our history. It is important to shine the light of day on it. We owe it to the people of Guatemala who were experimented on, and we owe it to ourselves to recognize what a dark chapter it was,” said Amy Gutmann of the University of Pennsylvania, the commission’s chairwoman.
Operation Sofia: Documenting Genocide in Guatemala Posted – December 2, 2009 – December 2, 2009, Washington, DC – The Guatemalan army, under the direction of military ruler Efraín Ríos Montt, carried out a deliberate counterinsurgency campaign in the summer of 1982 aimed at massacring thousands of indigenous peasants, according to a comprehensive set of internal records presented as evidence to the Spanish National Court and posted today by the National Security Archive on its Web site. The files on “Operation Sofia” detail official responsibility for what the 1999 UN-sponsored Historical Clarification Commission determined were “acts of genocide against groups of Mayan people.”
The National Security Archive’s Kate Doyle presented the documentation as evidence in the international genocide case, which is under investigation by Judge Santiago Pedraz in Madrid. Ms. Doyle testified today before Judge Pedraz on the authenticity of the documents, which were obtained from military intelligence sources in Guatemala. Earlier this year, Defense Minister Gen. Abraham Valenzuela González claimed that the military could not locate the documents or turn them over to a judge in Guatemala, as ordered by the Guatemalan Constitutional Court in 2008.
After months of analysis, which included evaluations of letterheads and signatures on the documents and comparisons to other available military records, Doyle said, “we have determined that these records were created by military officials during the regime of Efraín Ríos Montt to plan and implement a ‘scorched earth’ policy on Mayan communities in El Quiché. The documents record the military’s genocidal assault against indigenous populations in Guatemala.”
The Archive’s Guatemala project has a long track record of obtaining and authenticating internal records on Guatemalan repression. In 1999, Ms. Doyle obtained a “death squad diary” — a logbook of kidnappings, secret detentions, torture, disappearances and executions between 1983 and 1985 kept by the feared “Archivo,” a secret intelligence unit controlled by President Oscar Humberto Mejía Víctores. Although the military claimed the document was a fabrication, a team of experts led by Doyle was able to establish its authenticity. The logbook has been accepted as official, authentic evidence by the Inter-American Human Rights Commission.
The appearance of the original “Operation Sofía” documents provides the first public glimpse into secret military files on the counterinsurgency campaign that resulted in massacres of tens of thousands of unarmed Mayan civilians during the early 1980s, and displaced hundreds of thousands more as they fled the Army’s attacks on their communities. The records contain explicit references to the killing of unarmed men, women and children, the burning of homes, destruction of crops, slaughter of animals and indiscriminate aerial bombing of refugees trying to escape the violence.
National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 297
Continue researching: http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB297/index.htm
Rendition in the Southern Cone: Operation condor Documents Revealed from Paraguayan ‘Archive of Terror’ Edited by Carlos Osorio and Mariana Enamoneta Posted – December 21, 2007 – Paraguayan Archive continues to yield Evidence of Coordinated Repression among Military Regimes of the Southern Cone. Documents being used by courts from Paraguay, Chile and Argentina, to Europe and the United States.
Washington D.C., December 21, 2007 – On the fifteenth anniversary of the discovery of the Archive of Terror in Paraguay, the National Security Archive posted Spanish-language documents that reveal new details of how the Southern Cone military regimes collaborated in hunting down, interrogating, and disappearing hundreds of Latin Americans during the 1970s and 1980s.
The collaboration, which became officially known as “Operation Condor,” drew on cross-border kidnapping, secret detention centers, torture, and disappearance of prisoners—rendition, interrogation and detention techniques that some human rights advocates are comparing to those used today in the Bush administration’s counterterrorism campaign.
The selection of documents posted today included uncensored records relating to the pivotal case of Chilean Jorge Isaac Fuentes Alarcón and Argentine Amílcar Santucho, who were detained in Paraguay in May 1975, and whose interrogation under torture led to the decision by Chilean secret police chief Manual Contreras to formalize coordination against the left among the Southern Cone military states. One document posted today for the first time is the list of questions created by Argentine intelligence agent José Osvaldo Ribeiro [Alias Rawson] to be used in the interrogation of Santucho and Fuentes Alarcón in Paraguay. Chilean agents subsequently rendered Fuentes Alarcón to a secret detention camp in Santiago from where he was disappeared.
The Archive also posted a “thank you” note to the Paraguayan secret police from Col. Contreras for the handling of Fuentes Alarcón, as well as Contreras’s invitation to, and supplementary documents for, the first Condor meeting in November 1975—documents found several years ago in the Paraguayan Archive that have been widely used in books about Operation Condor. The posting includes communications between “Condor 1” (Chile) and “Condor 4” (Paraguay), records of meetings between the D-2 of the Paraguayan intelligence service, and officials from SIDE (the State Intelligence Service) in Argentina, and SID (the Defense Intelligence Service) in Uruguay, and documents related to the coordinated efforts to capture Montoneros in Asunción in 1980—among other facets of the Condor coordination during the era of military dictatorships in the Southern Cone.
“These documents provide a historic passkey into the horror chambers of the Southern Cone military regimes,” said Carlos Osorio, who directs the Southern Cone Documentation Project at the National Security Archive. “The atrocities they record from the past remain relevant to the debate over the conduct of counterterrorism operations today and in the future.”
National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 239— Part II
Continue researching: http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB239d/index.htm
Bordaberry Condemned for 1973 Coup Edited by Carlos Osorio, Assisted by Marianna Enamoneta and Miliette Marcos Posted – March 30, 2010 – For the first time in Latin America, a judge has sent a former head of state to prison for the crime of an “Attack against the Constitution.” In an unprecedented ruling last month in Montevideo, former Uruguayan President Juan María Bordaberry was sentenced to serve 30 years for undermining Uruguay’s Constitution through an auto-coup in June 1973, and for his responsibility in nine disappearances and two political assassinations committed by the security forces while he was president between 1972 and 1976.
National Security Archive Posts Declassified Evidence Used in Trial
U.S. Documents Implicated Bordaberry in Repression
National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 309
For more information contact: Carlos Osorio – 202/994-7061
Spanish (Español): http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB309/index2.htm
Continue researching: http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB309/index.htm
Please note that we are currently updating this section and are focused upon the most pressing issues that are currently being ignored and/or overlooked in the MSM coverage. As time progresses, we will break this section down further to include additional backgrounders, timelines and info-graphics..
Index to Archives Nationales du Mali –
Continue researching: http://courses.wcupa.edu/jones/his311/archives/anmindex.htm
Upper Senegal & Niger, 1898-1922 – Modern Mali, during the 19th century, was largely identical with the Tukulor Empire, ruled by Al-Haji Umar (-1864, succeeded by his son Ahmadu) and by Samori Toure (1870-1898), whose reign extended beyond the borders of Mali, into the Ivory Coast, Guinea and Burkina Faso.
Continue researching: http://www.zum.de/whkmla/region/westafrica/uppersen.html
Mali – History – Early History to the End of Colonialism – Mali, officially Republic of Mali, independent republic (2005 est. pop. 12,292,000), 478,764 sq mi (1,240,000 sq km), the largest country in W Africa. Mali is bordered on the north by Algeria, on the east and southeast by Niger, on the south by Burkina Faso and Côte d’Ivoire, and on the west by Guinea, Senegal, and Mauritania. Bamako is the capital and by far the largest city.
The Mali region has been the seat of extensive empires and kingdoms, notably those of Ghana (4th–11th cent.), Mali, and Gao. The medieval empire of Mali was a powerful state and one of the world’s chief gold suppliers; it attained its peak in the early 14th cent. under Mansa (Emperor) Musa (reigned c.1312–1337), who made a famous pilgrimage to Mecca in 1324 laden with gold and slaves to proclaim Mali’s prosperity and power. During his rule Muslim scholarship reached new heights in Mali, and such cities as Timbuktu and Djenné (Jenne) became important centers of trade, learning, and culture.
The Mali empire was followed by the Songhai empire of Gao, which rose to great power in the late 15th cent. In 1590 the empire, already weakened by internal divisions, was shattered by a Moroccan army. The Moroccans, however, could not effectively dominate the vast region, which broke up into petty states. By the late 18th cent., the area was in a semianarchic condition and was subject to incursions by the Tuareg and Fulani.
The 19th cent. witnessed a great resurgence of Islam. The Tukolor empire of al-Hajj Umar (1794–1864) and the empire of Samori Touré (1870–98) emerged as Muslim states opposing French invasion of the region. By 1898 the French conquest was virtually complete; Mali, called French Sudan, became part of the Federation of French West Africa. A nationalist movement, spearheaded by trade unions and student groups, blossomed during the period between the two world wars. The Sudanese Union, a militantly anticolonial party, became the leading political force. Its leader, Modibo Keita, was a descendant of the Mali emperors.
Continue researching: http://www.infoplease.com/encyclopedia/world/mali-history.html
France Controls Morocco, The Sultan Signs the Treaty Establishing a Protectorate. Special Cable to The New York Times March 31, 1912 – http://ottawapiskat.wordpress.com/chapters/harper-cpc-blowback/blowback-research/treaty-of-fez-nytimes-31mar1912/
The United Nations Failure in Southern Morocco: CSC 1997 – In June 1991, the United Nations sent a multinational military mission to stop the war between the State of Morocco and group of people called Polisario in the southern region formerly called the “Western Sahara”. The key problem for UN peace keeping was how to solve difficulties of implementating a political solution through a referendum. So the mission of the UN peace keeping operation was to restrain local security forces, identify and register voters, conduct the referendum, certify the results, and supervise the losing side’s withdrawal or disarmament 1. But from 1991 until now, the UN has failed to solve the conflict and conduct a referendum in the region. Even if this failure continues in the region and the UN leaves the territory, it will not likely result in a war, because Morocco now controls more than 90% of the land, and the Polisario doesn’t have any military support from the major countries that formally supported them (especially Algeria and Libya).
Continue researching: http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/library/report/1997/Said.htm
Nigeria hit by three pirate attacks in eight days: agency By Joe Brock and Jonathan Saul ABUJA/LONDON | Thu Feb 14, 2013 12:38pm EST – (Reuters) – Pirates attacked three vessels off the coast of Nigeria in the space of eight days this month, killing one person, a maritime agency said, in a sign of worsening security off the coast of Africa’s biggest oil exporter.
Gunmen killed a crew member when they attacked a chemical tanker carrying out a ship-to-ship transfer at Lagos port on February 4 before a security team repelled the attackers, piracy watchdog the International Maritime Agency said in a report.
The tanker was the Dubai-managed Pyxis Delta and the crew member killed was a Filipino, security firm AKE said. The Nigerian navy declined to comment on the attack.
Piracy off the Nigerian coast and elsewhere in the Gulf of Guinea is on the rise. The coastline, rich in natural resources such as cocoa and metals, is second only to the waters off Somalia for the risk of pirate attacks, which drives up shipping and oil industry costs.
A. S. Kanya-Forstner, The Conquest of the Western Sudan (Cambridge University Press, 1969). in the University of Delaware library. Notes © 2002 by Jim Jones , Ph.D. – SUMMARY – This is a detailed description of how the French Marines (naval soldiers) created a military empire in the Western Sudan. They were able to do this because they were the only effective instrument of French policy in a remote region, and because they operated at a time when fear of British strength, fear of Islamic jihad, the loss to Prussia and the weakness of the civilian government of the Third Republic made arguements about the security of Frenchmen in Africa compelling.
The opportunism of individual French soldiers aggravated the situation – particularly Faidherbe, Desbordes, Archinard and Combes. Various ministers supported their efforts, particularly Jauréguiberry and Delcassé. The empire they created was counter-productive to France’s “mission civiliatrice” and wreaked economic havoc on the area. That, plus consistent budget overruns, provoked parliament to control the military officers and finally, to replace them with a civilian administration.
Chapter (Begins on page)
I Introduction: the Colonial Army and the Western Sudan (1)
II The Background of the Conquest (22)
III The Revival of the Niger Plan, 1876-80 (55)
IV The Occupation of the Niger, 1880-83 (84)
V The Problems of Occupation, 1883-86 (113)
VI The Consolidation of the Sudan and the New African Policy (142)
VII The `Total Conquest’ of the Sudan, 1888-93 (174)
VIII The Civilian Administration of the Sudan, 1893-95 (215)
IX The Last Years of Military Rule, 1895-99 (237)
X Conclusion: French African Policy & Military Imperialism (263)
XI List of Sources (275)
XII Bibliography (279)
Continue researching: http://courses.wcupa.edu/jones/his311/archives/sec/kanya3.htm
Treaty of Nanjing – First of the Unequal Treaties 29 August 1842 – The Treaty of Nanking or Treaty of Nanjing, signed 29 August 1842, was the unequal treaty which marked the end of the First Opium War between the British and Qing Empires of 1839–42. The treaties forced China to lower its tariffs.
In the wake of China’s military defeat, with British warships poised to attack the city, representatives from the British and Qing Empires negotiated aboard HMS Cornwallis anchored at Nanjing. On 29 August 1842, British representative Sir Henry Pottinger and Qing representatives, Qiying, Ilibu and Niujian, signed the Treaty of Nanjing. The treaty consisted of thirteen articles and was ratified by Queen Victoria and the Daoguang Emperor nine months later. As one historian notes, a “most ironic point was that opium, the immediate cause of the war, was not even mentioned.
Treaty of Tientsin June 1858 – Several documents referred as “Treaty of Tien-tsin” were signed in Tianjin (Tientsin) in June 1858, ending the first part of the Second Opium War (1856-1860). France, United Kingdom, Russia, and the United States were the parties involved. These treaties opened more Chinese ports (see Treaty of Nanking) to the foreigners, permitted foreign legations in the Chinese capital Beijing, allow Christian missionary activity, and legalised the import of opium.
They were ratified by the Emperor of China in the Convention of Peking in 1860, after the end of the war.
Continue researching: http://history.cultural-china.com/en/34History6563.html
Bush Rebukes North Korea; U.S. Seeks New U.N. Sanctions By WARREN HOGE and SHERYL GAY STOLBERG Published: October 10, 2006
UNITED NATIONS, Oct. 9 — The United States proposed tough new United Nations sanctions on North Korea on Monday after its reported test of a nuclear device, and President Bush warned the North that he considered its activity a potential threat to American national security.
At an emergency meeting of the United Nations Security Council, the United States pressed for international inspections of all cargo moving into and out of North Korea to detect weapons-related material, and a ban on all trading in military goods and services with the country.
At the White House, President Bush called the North Korean test “a threat to international peace and security” and condemned it as a “provocative act.”
Continue researching: http://www.nytimes.com/2006/10/10/world/asia/10korea.html?pagewanted=all
Goodbye Indonesia People and Power Last Modified: 31 Jan 2013 17:55 – People & Power investigates one of the world’s most forgotten conflicts – the West Papuan struggle for independence.
When the Dutch decolonised their East Indies empire after the Second World War they handed it all to the emergent country of Indonesia – all except the territory of West Papua, which forms one half of New Guinea, the second largest island on Earth. This remarkable landmass – split neatly by colonial powers into West Papua and Papua New Guinea – is like few other places in the world.
Its mountainous terrain and dense rainforests have spawned extraordinary linguistic diversity among its indigenous population, some of whom are still in uncontacted tribes. Five decades ago few, if any of these tribes, showed any desire for their land to become an extension of Indonesia, a new nation state with which they shared neither history, culture, religion nor ethnicity, but which wanted resource-rich West Papua within its borders.
The Dutch resisted Indonesia’s demands for a while, beginning to invest in West Papuan education and encouraging nationalism. But eventually global realpolitik intervened in the shape of US President Kennedy. Concerned about the possibility of communism spreading across South and Southeast Asia, the Kennedy administration saw Indonesia as a useful regional ally that should be kept happy.
In 1963, with American backing, the United Nations gave Indonesia caretaker rights over the territory, on condition that a referendum on independence should follow. But when the poll – named, without apparent irony, as the ‘Act Of Free Choice’ – took place in 1969 it was widely perceived as a sham.
From a population of around of 800,000, just over 1,000 tribal elders were selected by the Indonesians to represent the nation. Allegedly threatened, intimidated and held in seclusion, they voted as they were told. Ignoring well-founded international protests that the referendum had been rigged, the UN accepted the result and West Papua moved from being a Dutch colony to an Indonesian province.
But a West Papuan resistance movement, the Free Papua Organisation (OPM), soon started fighting back – in the first instance using bows and arrows to capture the guns of the Indonesian military. A sporadic, low level conflict has continued ever since.
U.S. Planning for War in Europe, 1963-64: The Contras, Cocaine, and Covert Operations Edited by William Burr Published – May 24, 2000 – Washington, D.C., May 24, 2000 – The release of Cold War-era Soviet and East European documents on war plans and nuclear planning raises questions about U.S. war planning during the same period. A central issue is the degree to which U.S. and NATO planning posited early or initial use of nuclear weapons like the 1964 Warsaw Pact plan from the Czech archives. Certainly, by the 1950s, NATO war plans assumed early use of nuclear weapons, even immediate use under some circumstances. By the 1960s, however, the situation began to change as the Kennedy and Johnson administrations began to push for contingency planning for conventional and limited nuclear war. Moreover, U.S. presidents would make final decisions on nuclear weapons use (unless the president was out of action and predelegation arrangements kicked in). Nevertheless, as shown by the documents that follow, high-level U.S. officials assumed that a Warsaw Pact conventional or nuclear attack on NATO Europe would invite a U.S. nuclear response (unless the Soviets agreed to limit fighting to conventional weapons). Rejecting the idea of “no first use,” senior U.S. officials took it for granted that a massive Warsaw Pact conventional attack on Western Europe would prompt a nuclear response from outnumbered Western forces.
The following documents, a sampling from the 1963-64 period, were selected to invite comparison and contrast with the 1964 Warsaw Pact war plan and related documents that are now available on the website of the Parallel History Project on NATO and the Warsaw Pact. The U.S. documents suggest how senior civilian and military officials in the Kennedy-Johnson administrations thought about nuclear war and nuclear weapons use in European and intercontinental military operations. The theater and strategic war plans that they approved, however, remain classified. Yet, basic planning concepts and nuclear targeting options in U.S. war plans come across as does the political context that shaped military planning.
Not surprisingly, just as the Soviet and Czech documents imputed the most aggressive purposes to NATO, the U.S. documents ascribed comparable aggressive purposes to the Warsaw Pact side. Interestingly, however, some of the U.S. material partially validates Soviet fears of first strikes and surprise nuclear attack. Yet, when American war planners thought about striking first, they believed that it would be in response to certain information that the Soviet military was planning to strike American and European targets. In this way, American leaders thought it possible to preempt a Soviet attack.
One wonders if comparable Soviet-era material exists, whether in Politburo, Party, or Defense Ministry archives. The new documents were produced by the military but given that “politics was in command” during the Soviet era, one wonders how military and civilian leaders thought about and discussed the problem of nuclear weapons use in private. Is there a record of a comparable Politburo or high command discussion where top officials argue that they have deterred the Americans from undertaking rash actions in Central Europe? Is there a record of Communist party leaders suggesting that they had any doubts about first use of nuclear weapons? In this connection, documents that elucidate Soviet-era procedures and policies for nuclear weapons use would be especially significant.
National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 31
Continue researching: http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB31/index.html
Jebel Akhdar War 1954 – 1959 – During the late 19th century and early 20th century, the Sultan in Muscat faced encroaching forces of the Imam of Oman proper, centered around the town of Nizwa. This conflict was resolved temporarily in 1920 by the Treaty of Seeb, which granted the Imam an autonomous rule in the interior Imamate of Oman, while recognising the nominal sovereignty of the Sultan in Muscat and its surroundings. When oil exploration had begun in Oman in the early 1920s, by the Anglo-Persian Oil Company, oil was found in the region of Farhud, which was part of the Imamate lands, prompting the Sultan to violate the Treaty of Seeb and take over the Imamate lands.
When Said bin Taimur became ruler of Muscat and Oman, the defence of the region was guaranteed by treaties with Britain. The only armed forces in Muscat and Oman were tribal levies and a palace guard recruited from Baluchistan in Pakistan (due to a historical quirk by which the Sultan also owned the port of Gwadur).
Before 1954, there had been a dispute with Saudi Arabia over the ownership of the Buraimi Oasis, which was important for oil exploration rights. In 1954, the Imam of Oman was Ghalib bin Ali. He had been prepared to muster Omani tribesmen to expel the Saudis from Buraimi, but at British instigation, the matter was settled by arbitration. To prevent the Imam interfering with the settlement over Buraimi, a battalion-sized task force, the Muscat and Oman Field Force, to which some British officers were attached, was raised, and occupied the town of Ibri. The Sultan’s prestige and authority was damaged by his disdain for his own people.
History – First conflict phase
The last Imam of Oman, Ghalib Bin Ali, started an uprising in 1954, when the Sultan of Oman granted licenses to the Iraq Petroleum Company, disregarding the fact that the largest oil fields lay inside the Imamate. With the Field Force occupying part of his territory, Ghalib rebelled against this attack. However his efforts were defeated and he had to return to his home village of Blad Seit.
Sultan Said bin Taimur relied heavily on continued British military support. Iraq Petroleum, along with its operator of oil exploration, Petroleum Development Oman, was owned by European oil giants including Anglo-Iranian Oil’s successor British Petroleum, which encouraged the British government to extend their support to the Sultan.
Saudi supported uprising
Talib bin Ali Al Hinai, the Imam’s brother, who had fled to Saudi Arabia, returned from there in 1957 with 300 well-equipped fighters, and the insurrection broke out again. Talib’s forces occupied a fortified tower near Bilad Sait, which the Field Force lacked the heavy weapons to destroy. After some weeks’ inconclusive fighting, Suleiman bin Himyar, the Sheikh of one of the major tribes in the interior, openly proclaimed his defiance of the Sultan, and began a general uprising. The Muscat and Oman Field Force was largely destroyed as it tried to retreat through hostile towns and villages.
The rebellion was suppressed by the Muscat Regiment and the Trucial Oman Levies from the neighbouring United Arab Emirates. The decisive factor however, was the intervention of infantry (two companies of the Cameronians) and armoured car detachments from the British Army and aircraft of the RAF. Talib’s forces retreated to the inaccessible Jebel Akhdar. The SAF’s attacks up the few paths up the Jebel were easily repelled.
Continue researching: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jebel_Akhdar_War
The Jebel Akhdar War Oman 1954-1959 CSC 1985 John B. Meagher Major USMC – This paper will examine a tribal rebellion which took place in the Sultanate of Oman during the middle and late 1950s. The causes of the rebellion and the complications presented by terrain and climate along with the operative sociological and political considerations will be examined. Finally, the consequences of this minor rebellion will be viewed with an eye to current strategic realities.
It has been necessary in compiling this paper to use a number of Arabic words, place names , and individual names. None of the standard systems of transliterating Arabic into English has been used. The English rendering of Arabic words is such that the pronunciation by a native English speaker will most closely approximate the Arabic pronunciation used in Oman.
I extend my sincere thanks to Lieutenant Colonel Timothy E. Kline, USAF, the Air Force Special Advisor to the Marine Corps Command and Staff Colleges for his advice in the preparation of this study. My special thanks go to Lieutenant General J.P.B.C. Watts,CBE,MC, Chief of the Defence Staff of tne Sultan of Oman’s Armed Forces for consenting to be interviewed on his role as commander of “D” Squadron,22nd SAS during the rebellion.
Continue researching: http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/library/report/1985/MJB.htm
War: Big Government’s Best Friend Published on Mar 2, 2012 – Bestselling author Tom Woods speaks at the Mises Institute’s seminar at Furman University, “War: Big Government’s Best Friend.” Sponsored by the Conservative Students for a Better Tomorrow.
http://www.TomWoods.com – http://furmancsbt.org/default.aspx
Continue researching: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BN3EryUG0EA [Video]
Total Information Awareness Office:
- Total Information Awareness: Systems Overview Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) – http://w2.eff.org/Privacy/TIA/overview.php
Total“Terrorism” Information Awareness (TIA) EPIC Terrorism (Total) Information Awareness Page – http://epic.org/privacy/profiling/tia/
- Total_Information_Awareness SourceWatch – http://www.sourcewatch.org/index.php?title=Total_Information_Awareness
- Data Mining TIA: Total Information Awareness January 16, 2004 | ACLU – http://www.aclu.org/technology-and-liberty/data-mining
- Beware of Total Information Awareness Gene Healy | Cato Institute – http://www.cato.org/pub_display.php?pub_id=2959
The Farewell Dossier: Duping the Soviets Historical Document Posted: Apr 14, 2007 06:00 PM Last Updated: Jun 27, 2008 08:44 AM Last Reviewed: Apr 14, 2007 06:00 PM – During the Cold War, and especially in the 1970s, Soviet intelligence carried out a substantial and successful clandestine effort to obtain technical and scientific knowledge from the West. This effort was suspected by a few US Government officials but not documented until 1981, when French intelligence obtained the services of Col. Vladimir I. Vetrov, “Farewell,” who photographed and supplied 4,000 KGB documents on the program. In the summer of 1981, President Mitterrand told President Reagan of the source, and, when the material was supplied, it led to a potent counterintelligence response by CIA and the NATO intelligence services.
Secrets from behind the (Crumbling) Iron Curtain: The Revolutions of 1989 Edited by Thomas S. Blanton November 5, 1999 – New Documents from Soviet/East Europe Archives Reveal Why There Was No Crackdown.
National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 22
Continue researching: http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/news/19991105/index.html
Overthrow: America’s Century of Regime Change from Hawaii to Iraq
- Part I April 21, 2006 – http://www.democracynow.org/2006/4/21/overthrow_americas_century_of_regime_change
- Part II May 8, 2006 – http://www.democracynow.org/2006/5/8/part_ii_overthrow_americas_century_of
Interim Report: Alleged Assassination Plots Involving Foreign Leaders – The Church Committee investigated CIA plots to assassinate foreign leaders. This Interim Report, published in 1975, discusses alleged plots to kill:
• Patrice Lumumba (Congo)
• Fidel Castro (Cuba)
• Rafael Trujillo (Dominican Republic)
• Ngo Dinh Diem (Vietnam)
• Rene Schneider (Chile)
The Committee also examined the CIA’s development of a general “executive action” capability. The Committee found that the U.S. initiated plots to assassinate Fidel Castro and Patrice Lumumba. In the other cases, either U.S. involvement was indirect or evidence was too inconclusive to issue a finding. In Lumumba’s case,the Committee asserted that the U.S. was not involved in his death, despite earlier plotting. The Committee was unable to state with certainty whether any plots were authorized by U.S. Presidents.
Continue researching: http://history-matters.com/archive/contents/church/contents_church_reports_ir.htm
Good Guys, Bad Guys: INTERVIEW WITH INTERVIEW WITH DR ZBIGNIEW BRZEZINSKI Episode 17 June 16, 1997 – http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/coldwar/interviews/episode-17/brzezinski2.html
America’s Nazi Secret- RenseRadio interview with John Loftus – Uploaded on Feb 8, 2011
This is a must-read, something you will never be able to read in your historical books something you must teach yourself to your children so that they could learn about the true cause of wars so that when they become adult, they won’t be so gullible about their political leaders when they would ask them to go to war for supposedly patriotic or humanistic reasons. Politicians and Dictators have always been working, willingly or manipulated to work for the interest of the World Bankers who finance the weapons merchants.
Extract from “Former Federal Prosecutor John Loftus confirms the Bush-Nazi scandal” published on October 31. 2003
“These long buried US government files demonstrate that the Bush family stayed on the corporate boards of Nazi front groups even after they knew beyond a shadow of a doubt that they were helping the financial cause of the Third Reich. It was all about the money. Nazi Germany is where the Bush family fortune came from, and where the Harrimans, and the Rockefellers increased their fortunes to obscene proportions.
The Rockefeller’s lawyers, the Dulles Brothers, had deliberately and systematically bankrupted the German economy with the Versaille Treaty. German currency was almost worthless after WWI, and so the Dulles brother’s favorite clients, the Rockefellers, were able to buy the stock of nearly every German company for a song. The great sucking sound that preceeded the Great Depression was the whistling of Wall Street money out of America into Germany, Russia (and as a side deal, Saudi Arabia). Two generations later, we are still paying for it.
The Robber Barons did not call it an international crime. They called it synergy. Harriman’s Soviet cartels would deliver the raw materials, Rockfeller’s high-tech German companies (the Thyssens) would process the manganese into steel for Harriman’s railroads. To save transportation costs, the Robber Barons looked for a middle ground in eastern Poland for a future factory site. It had to be in the coal fields of Silesia, on the banks of the Vistula river, where a canal could be dug to ship materials in cheaply from Russia. The Polish town was named Oswieczim, later known to the world by its German name: Auschwitz.
It was not a killing factory then, although slave labor was always contemplated for the maximum profit factor. Auschwitz was designed to process Silesian coal into tar additives necessary for Russian aviation fuel. It was a high tech German chemical factory built to balance out Harriman’s Russian-to-Germany export trade.
The Rockefeller-Harriman front company that financed Auschwitz was called Brown Brothers Harriman. It is still around today. Our President’s great granfather, Herbert Walker, founded the company, and appointed his impecunious son-in-law Prescott Bush to the boards of several holding companies, all of which became Nazi fronts. The Walkers and Bushes never really liked the Nazis, anymore than Harriman liked the communists. To the robber barons, they were just dogs on a leash. One day the dogs broke their chains, and Hitler and Stalin got loose. Fifty million people died as a result of a bad investment.
The Robber Barons saw it coming. Their lawyers, the Dulles brothers, had a contingency plan. They had established three banks, one in Germany, one in Holland, and one in New York (the Union Banking Corporation, headed by the ever-useful son-in-law Prescott Bush). No matter who won World war II, the corporate stocks would be shifted around to whichever bank was in a neutral country when the war was over.
After WW II, the Dulles brothers’ shell game deceived a gullible and war-weary world. The “neutral” Dutch bank reclaimed their German assetts as “stolen” by the Nazis, and the whole merry fraud continued. Prescott Bush got his Union Bank back from the US Government in 1951, despite its seizure in 1942 as a Nazi front. Prescott Bush and father-in-law Walker were paid two shares worth about $1.5 million in 1951 dollars. It was a petty payoff for a job well done.
Continue researching: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FhHgEBdPwkE [Video]
The CIA’s Secret Army: Coups, Killings And Dirty Tricks
By Mitch Frank Monday, Feb. 03, 2003 –
June 13, 1942 President Franklin D. Roosevelt creates the Office of Strategic Services and makes WILLIAM (WILD BILL) DONOVAN director; during World War II, roughly 1,500 OSS agents sneak into occupied Europe and Asia before Allied armies, organizing resistance groups. The office is dissolved after the war
July 26, 1947 President Harry S Truman signs the National Security Act, creating the Central Intelligence Agency. Five months later, he authorizes covert operations. Most early operations target Eastern Europe, supporting dissidents and disseminating propaganda. During the Korean War, the agency organizes paramilitary forces in the North
August 1953 In Operation Ajax, CIA officers in Iran engineer a coup against Premier Mohammed Mossadegh, restoring SHAH REZA PAHLAVI to the throne. The agency’s role soon becomes widely known
June 1954 The CIA organizes a coup in Guatemala by COLONEL CARLOS CASTILLO ARMAS and other officers against leftist President Jacobo Arbenz Guzman
1958 The CIA supports a rebellion against Indonesian President Achmed Sukarno. The rebels fail, and an American mercenary pilot working for the agency is shot down and captured with papers revealing his employer
April 17, 1961 A brigade of 1,400 CIA-trained Cuban exiles lands at the Bay of Pigs and is quickly defeated. Seven months later, President John F. Kennedy authorizes Operation Mongoose, a series of sabotage attacks on Cuba. The agency also develops several schemes to assassinate Castro, including two involving the Mafia
May 30, 1961 Dominican dissidents assassinate dictator Rafael Trujillo. The CIA has encouraged their revolt and supplied weapons
1962 Kennedy puts the CIA in charge of all paramilitary operations in Vietnam. In neighboring Laos, the agency builds an army of 47,000 Meo tribesmen, Laotians and Thai mercenaries
Sept. 11, 1973 GENERAL AUGUSTO PINOCHET, left, deposes Chile’s socialist President Salvador Allende, right, who commits suicide. The CIA, which had organized a failed coup in 1970, encouraged Pinochet but denies direct involvement to this day
1975-76 The Senate’s Church committee holds lengthy hearings on the agency’s covert operations and demands new congressional oversight. President Gerald Ford lays down new rules, and the agency loses its taste for paramilitary missions
January 1980 The CIA begins supplying money and weapons to Afghan mujahedin fighting the Soviets, using Pakistani intelligence as a conduit. The U.S. also urges Saudi Arabia to donate money and volunteers
1981 President Ronald Reagan appoints Bill Casey as Director of Central Intelligence. Casey re-energizes covert operations, supporting paramilitary efforts in Angola, Cambodia and El Salvador. His biggest operation: funding and training the Nicaraguan contras
1995 The agency pulls the plug on efforts to mobilize Kurdish guerrillas in northern Iraq, convinced that Saddam Hussein is on to the operation
1998 After the African embassy bombings, the CIA begins an urgent campaign against al-Qaeda in Afghanistan. Agents rebuild contacts with the NORTHERN ALLIANCE and hire armed tribesmen to gather intelligence and try to capture Osama bin Laden
Continue researching: http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1004176,00.html
The CIA’s Family Jewels: Agency Violated Charter for 25 Years, Wiretapped Journalists and Dissidents Updated – June 26, 2007, 1 p.m. – CIA Announces Declassification of 1970s “Skeletons” File, Archive Posts Justice Department Summary from 1975, With White House Memcons on Damage Control. The full “family jewels” report, released today by the Central Intelligence Agency and detailing 25 years of Agency misdeeds, is now available on the Archive’s Web site. The 702-page collection was delivered by CIA officers to the Archive at approximately 11:30 this morning — 15 years after the Archive filed a Freedom of Information request for the documents. The report is available for download in its entirety and is also split into five smaller files for easier download.
Continue researching: http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB222/index.htm
British company ‘selling toxic lead fuel to poor countries’ By Telegraph Reporters 11:20AM GMT 14 Jan 2013 – A British company convicted of bribing foreign officials is continuing to sell poisonous lead fuel additive to unstable countries, it was reported today.
Innospec Ltd, which claims to be the world’s only producer of tetraethyl lead (TEL), is selling the chemical abroad despite evidence it is responsible for long-term damage to human health and may be linked to violent crime.
Critics today called on the Government to ban Innospec Ltd, from further exports of the substance following the disclosures in the Independent.
The product is banned from use on Britain’s roads but remains legal in six impoverished nations, it was claimed.
Innospec, which is American owned but maintains much of its manufacturing in Britain, had intended to stop production and sales of TEL at the end of last year.
But it has now set a new deadline of the end of this year to halt all dealings in the chemical, from which it has generated large profits, the newspaper claimed.
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